Reversed-phase liquid chromatography and electrospray ionization with Fourier-transform single and tandem mass spectrometry (RPLC-ESI-FTMS and FTMS/MS) were employed for the structural characterization of oleocanthal (OLEO) and oleacin (OLEA), two of the most important bioactive secoiridoids occurring in extra virgin olive oils (EVOOs). The existence of several isoforms of OLEO and OLEA was inferred from the chromatographic separation, accompanied, in the case of OLEA, by minor peaks due to oxidized OLEO recognized as oleocanthalic acid isoforms. The detailed analysis of the product ion tandem MS spectra of deprotonated molecules ([M-H](-)) was unable to clarify the correlation between chromatographic peaks and specific OLEO/OLEA isoforms, including two types of predominant dialdehydic compounds, named Open Forms II, containing a double bond between carbon atoms C8 and C10, and a group of diasteroisomeric closed-structure (i.e., cyclic) isoforms, named Closed Forms I. This issue was addressed by H/D exchange (HDX) experiments on labile H atoms of OLEO and OLEA isoforms, performed using deuterated water as a co-solvent in the mobile phase. HDX unveiled the presence of stable di-enolic tautomers, in turn providing key evidence for the occurrence, as prevailing isoforms, of Open Forms II of OLEO and OLEA, different from those usually considered so far as the main isoforms of both secoiridoids (having a C=C bond between C8 and C9). It is expected that the new structural details inferred for the prevailing isoforms of OLEO and OLEA will help in understanding the remarkable bioactivity exhibited by the two compounds.

Hydrogen/Deuterium Exchange Mass Spectrometry for Probing the Isomeric Forms of Oleocanthal and Oleacin in Extra Virgin Olive Oils

Ramona Abbattista;Ilario Losito
;
Andrea Castellaneta;Giovanni Ventura;Cosima Damiana Calvano;Tommaso Cataldi
2023-01-01

Abstract

Reversed-phase liquid chromatography and electrospray ionization with Fourier-transform single and tandem mass spectrometry (RPLC-ESI-FTMS and FTMS/MS) were employed for the structural characterization of oleocanthal (OLEO) and oleacin (OLEA), two of the most important bioactive secoiridoids occurring in extra virgin olive oils (EVOOs). The existence of several isoforms of OLEO and OLEA was inferred from the chromatographic separation, accompanied, in the case of OLEA, by minor peaks due to oxidized OLEO recognized as oleocanthalic acid isoforms. The detailed analysis of the product ion tandem MS spectra of deprotonated molecules ([M-H](-)) was unable to clarify the correlation between chromatographic peaks and specific OLEO/OLEA isoforms, including two types of predominant dialdehydic compounds, named Open Forms II, containing a double bond between carbon atoms C8 and C10, and a group of diasteroisomeric closed-structure (i.e., cyclic) isoforms, named Closed Forms I. This issue was addressed by H/D exchange (HDX) experiments on labile H atoms of OLEO and OLEA isoforms, performed using deuterated water as a co-solvent in the mobile phase. HDX unveiled the presence of stable di-enolic tautomers, in turn providing key evidence for the occurrence, as prevailing isoforms, of Open Forms II of OLEO and OLEA, different from those usually considered so far as the main isoforms of both secoiridoids (having a C=C bond between C8 and C9). It is expected that the new structural details inferred for the prevailing isoforms of OLEO and OLEA will help in understanding the remarkable bioactivity exhibited by the two compounds.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/429067
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact