We present a rare case of pelvic splenosis, in a 46-year-old man, with a previous history of partial splenectomy, complaining of nonspecific pain in the lower abdominal quadrants. Splenosis is a benign acquired condition, defined as a heterotopic autotransplantation of splenic tissue in other compartments of the body, caused by rupture of the splenic capsule following trauma or splenectomy. Splenosis is often asymptomatic and incidentally found and does not require treatment. Surgery is indicated only in patients presenting with symptoms or complications. In our case, the multimodal imaging study (ultrasound, MRI, CT, and scintigraphy) allowed a correct differential diagnosis without resorting to invasive procedures, susceptible to complications
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