(1) Background: The main discriminant in breast cancer prognosis is axillary lymph node status. In a select cohort of patients, axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) may be safely spared. This study aimed to determine a new possible cut-off of cytokeratin (CK) 19 mRNA copy number in the SLN to predict cases at high risk of positive ALND. (2) Methods: Clinical records of 1339 patients were retrospectively reviewed and were separated into two groups according to the axillary status (negative: ALNs− and positive ALNs+). Receiver operative characteristic (ROC) curves were used to identify a new optimal cut-off of CK19 mRNA copy number in SLN; (3) Results: Large tumor size and high grade were found mostly in ALNs+. Results from the ROC analyses, with an AUC of 82.1%, identified a new cut-off (9150 CK19 mRNA copies) showing 94% sensitivity, 67.3% specificity, 61.2% positive, and 95.3% negative predictive values; (4) OSNA remains the most-important intra-operative tool to identify patients who can benefit from ALND but with the traditional cut-off, many patients undergo needless ALND. The results of the present study suggest a new cut-off helpful to personalize surgical treatment and avoid unnecessary invasive procedures.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.