Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes KF707 is a soil bacterium which is known for its capacity to aerobically degrade harmful organic compounds such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) using biphenyl as co-metabolite. Here we provide the first genetic and functional analysis of the KF707 respiratory terminal oxidases in cells grown with two different carbon sources: glucose and biphenyl. We identified five terminal oxidases in KF707: two c(c)aa(3) type oxidases (Caa(3) and Ccaa(3)), two cbb(3) type oxidases (Cbb(3)1 and Cbb(3)2), and one bd type cyanide-insensitive quinol oxidase (CIO). While the activity and expression of both Cbb(3)1 and Cbb(3)2 oxidases was prevalent in glucose grown cells as compared to the other oxidases, the activity and expression of the Caa(3) oxidase increased considerably only when biphenyl was used as carbon source in contrast to the Cbb(3)2 oxidase which was repressed. Further, the respiratory activity and expression of CIO was up-regulated in a Cbb(3)1 deletion strain as compared to W.T. whereas the CIO up-regulation was not present in Cbb(3)2 and C(c)aa(3) deletion mutants. These results, together, reveal that both function and expression of cbb(3) and caa(3) type oxidases in KF707 are modulated by biphenyl which is the co-metabolite needed for the activation of the PCBs-degradation pathway.
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