Anemia is a condition in which the oxygen-carrying capacity of red blood cells is insufficient to meet the body's physiological needs. It affects billions of people worldwide. An early diagnosis of this disease could prevent the advancement of other disorders. Traditional methods used to detect anemia consist of venipuncture, which requires a patient to frequently undergo laboratory tests. Therefore, anemia diagnosis using noninvasive and cost-effective methods is an open challenge. The pallor of the fingertips, palms, nail beds, and eye conjunctiva can be observed to establish whether a patient suffers from anemia. This article addresses the above challenges by presenting a novel intelligent system, based on machine learning, that supports the automated diagnosis of anemia. This system is innovative from different points of view. Specifically, it has been trained on a dataset that contains eye conjunctiva photos of Indian and Italian patients. This dataset, which was created using a very strict experimental set, is now made available to the Scientific Community. Moreover, compared to previous systems in the literature, the proposed system uses a low-cost device, which makes it suitable for widespread use. The performance of the learning algorithms utilizing two different areas of the mucous membrane of the eye is discussed. In particular, the RUSBoost algorithm, when appropriately trained on palpebral conjunctiva images, shows good performance in classifying anemic and nonanemic patients. The results are very robust, even when considering different ethnicities.

An intelligent non-invasive system for automated diagnosis of anemia exploiting a novel dataset

Dimauro G.
;
Griseta M. E.;Camporeale M. G.;Maglietta R.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Anemia is a condition in which the oxygen-carrying capacity of red blood cells is insufficient to meet the body's physiological needs. It affects billions of people worldwide. An early diagnosis of this disease could prevent the advancement of other disorders. Traditional methods used to detect anemia consist of venipuncture, which requires a patient to frequently undergo laboratory tests. Therefore, anemia diagnosis using noninvasive and cost-effective methods is an open challenge. The pallor of the fingertips, palms, nail beds, and eye conjunctiva can be observed to establish whether a patient suffers from anemia. This article addresses the above challenges by presenting a novel intelligent system, based on machine learning, that supports the automated diagnosis of anemia. This system is innovative from different points of view. Specifically, it has been trained on a dataset that contains eye conjunctiva photos of Indian and Italian patients. This dataset, which was created using a very strict experimental set, is now made available to the Scientific Community. Moreover, compared to previous systems in the literature, the proposed system uses a low-cost device, which makes it suitable for widespread use. The performance of the learning algorithms utilizing two different areas of the mucous membrane of the eye is discussed. In particular, the RUSBoost algorithm, when appropriately trained on palpebral conjunctiva images, shows good performance in classifying anemic and nonanemic patients. The results are very robust, even when considering different ethnicities.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/415994
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