Background: Advanced stages of different renal diseases feature glomerular sclerosis at a histological level which is observed by light microscopy on tissue samples obtained by performing a kidney biopsy. Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems leverage the potential of artificial intelligence (AI) in healthcare to support physicians in the diagnostic process. Methods: We propose a novel CAD system that processes histological images and discriminates between sclerotic and non-sclerotic glomeruli. To this goal, we designed, tested, and compared two artificial neural network (ANN) classifiers. The former implements a shallow ANN classifying hand-crafted features extracted from Regions of Interest (ROIs) by means of image-processing procedures. The latter, instead, employs the IBM Watson Visual Recognition System, which uses a deep artificial neural network making decisions taking the images as input, without the need to design any procedure for describing images with features. The input dataset consisted of 428 sclerotic glomeruli and 2344 non-sclerotic glomeruli derived from images of kidney biopsies scanned by the Aperio ScanScope System. Results: Both AI approaches allowed to very accurately distinguish (mean MCC 0.95 and mean Accuracy 0.99) between sclerotic and non-sclerotic glomeruli. Although the systems may seem interchangeable, the approach based on feature extraction and classification would allow clinicians to gain information on the most discriminating features. In fact, further procedures could explain the classifier’s decision by analysing which subset of features impacted the most on the final decision. Conclusions: We developed a customizable support system that can facilitate the work of renal pathologists both in clinical and research settings. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Identification of glomerulosclerosis using IBM Watson and shallow neural networks

Pesce F.;Albanese F.;Mallardi D.;Rossini M.;Pasculli G.;Bevilacqua V.;Gesualdo L.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: Advanced stages of different renal diseases feature glomerular sclerosis at a histological level which is observed by light microscopy on tissue samples obtained by performing a kidney biopsy. Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems leverage the potential of artificial intelligence (AI) in healthcare to support physicians in the diagnostic process. Methods: We propose a novel CAD system that processes histological images and discriminates between sclerotic and non-sclerotic glomeruli. To this goal, we designed, tested, and compared two artificial neural network (ANN) classifiers. The former implements a shallow ANN classifying hand-crafted features extracted from Regions of Interest (ROIs) by means of image-processing procedures. The latter, instead, employs the IBM Watson Visual Recognition System, which uses a deep artificial neural network making decisions taking the images as input, without the need to design any procedure for describing images with features. The input dataset consisted of 428 sclerotic glomeruli and 2344 non-sclerotic glomeruli derived from images of kidney biopsies scanned by the Aperio ScanScope System. Results: Both AI approaches allowed to very accurately distinguish (mean MCC 0.95 and mean Accuracy 0.99) between sclerotic and non-sclerotic glomeruli. Although the systems may seem interchangeable, the approach based on feature extraction and classification would allow clinicians to gain information on the most discriminating features. In fact, further procedures could explain the classifier’s decision by analysing which subset of features impacted the most on the final decision. Conclusions: We developed a customizable support system that can facilitate the work of renal pathologists both in clinical and research settings. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/413829
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