In the Late Neolithic necropolis of Galliano (Taranto, Southern Italy) 52 samples of obsidian artefacts were found. Their characterization by absolutely non-destructive techniques like WD-XRF and SEM-EDS, for almost all of the samples, recognized the Lipari source for the raw material. Two samples show a different origin area: one from Palmarola, the southernmost signalling in Puglia for this source, and one from Pantelleria (sub-source of Salto la Vecchia and Balata dei Turchi) as first signalling on the continental Italy. Both source area, Palmarola and Pantelleria, have also been safely ascertained through quantitative compositional analyses of the microphenocrysts (pyroxenes and feldspars) present in the glass of 27 and 42 obsidian samples. In particular, the discovery of obsidian from Pantelleria in the Late Neolithic necropolis of Galliano, which can be traced back to the first centuries of the second half of the fifth millennium BC, significantly expanded its distribution area towards the east and the north, in a chronologically well-defined context.

First evidence in Italian mainland of Pantelleria obsidian: Highlights from WD-XRF and SEM-EDS characterization of Neolithic artefacts from Galliano necropolis (Taranto, Southern Italy)

Italo M. Muntoni
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Francesca Micheletti
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Mauro Pallara
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Pasquale Acquafredda
Writing – Review & Editing
2022-01-01

Abstract

In the Late Neolithic necropolis of Galliano (Taranto, Southern Italy) 52 samples of obsidian artefacts were found. Their characterization by absolutely non-destructive techniques like WD-XRF and SEM-EDS, for almost all of the samples, recognized the Lipari source for the raw material. Two samples show a different origin area: one from Palmarola, the southernmost signalling in Puglia for this source, and one from Pantelleria (sub-source of Salto la Vecchia and Balata dei Turchi) as first signalling on the continental Italy. Both source area, Palmarola and Pantelleria, have also been safely ascertained through quantitative compositional analyses of the microphenocrysts (pyroxenes and feldspars) present in the glass of 27 and 42 obsidian samples. In particular, the discovery of obsidian from Pantelleria in the Late Neolithic necropolis of Galliano, which can be traced back to the first centuries of the second half of the fifth millennium BC, significantly expanded its distribution area towards the east and the north, in a chronologically well-defined context.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/406850
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact