The eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) may be difficult due to antibiotic resistance. Indeed, after one failure, a second-line therapy is needed and a bismuth containing quadruple therapy (BQT) with a three-in-one capsule formulation is becoming very popular. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate effectiveness and safety of BQT as a second-line therapy. We recruited consecutive patients with one therapy failure. For ten days patients received the three-in-one BQT Pylera® therapy, in combination with a proton-pump inhibitor (PPI), decided at the choice of the investigator, at full dose bid. The eradication rate was calculated by intention-to-treat (ITT) and per-protocol (PP)analyses and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Seventy-three patients were recruited, 41 females and 32 males (mean age 53.0±13.1 years). Fifty-five patients failed triple therapy with amoxicillin and clarithromycin and the remaining 18 received sequential therapy. Seventy-two patients consumed at least 90% of the capsules, while only one did not complete the therapy due to adverse events (nausea and diarrhea). By ITT analysis, BQT was successful in 62 subjects (eradication rate 84.9%, 95%CI 76.7–93.1%). By PP analysis, the eradication rate was 86.1% (95%CI 78.1–94.1%).Adverse events were observed in 14 subjects (20.5%).In conclusion, our report confirmed that BQT is effective as an empiric second-line regimen.

Empiric “Three-in-One” Bismuth Quadruple Therapy for Second-Line Helicobacter pylori Eradication: An Intervention Study in Southern Italy

Losurdo G.
;
Lacavalla I.;Brescia I. V.;Di Leo A.
2022-01-01

Abstract

The eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) may be difficult due to antibiotic resistance. Indeed, after one failure, a second-line therapy is needed and a bismuth containing quadruple therapy (BQT) with a three-in-one capsule formulation is becoming very popular. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate effectiveness and safety of BQT as a second-line therapy. We recruited consecutive patients with one therapy failure. For ten days patients received the three-in-one BQT Pylera® therapy, in combination with a proton-pump inhibitor (PPI), decided at the choice of the investigator, at full dose bid. The eradication rate was calculated by intention-to-treat (ITT) and per-protocol (PP)analyses and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Seventy-three patients were recruited, 41 females and 32 males (mean age 53.0±13.1 years). Fifty-five patients failed triple therapy with amoxicillin and clarithromycin and the remaining 18 received sequential therapy. Seventy-two patients consumed at least 90% of the capsules, while only one did not complete the therapy due to adverse events (nausea and diarrhea). By ITT analysis, BQT was successful in 62 subjects (eradication rate 84.9%, 95%CI 76.7–93.1%). By PP analysis, the eradication rate was 86.1% (95%CI 78.1–94.1%).Adverse events were observed in 14 subjects (20.5%).In conclusion, our report confirmed that BQT is effective as an empiric second-line regimen.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/402774
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