Functioning of the hypothalamic-neurohypophyseal-vasopressin axis is altered in aging and the pathway may represent a plausible target to slow the process of aging. Arginine vasopressin, a 9-amino acid peptide that is secreted from the posterior pituitary in response to high plasma osmolality and hypotension, is central in this pathway. Vasopressin has important roles in circulatory and water homoeostasis mediated by vasopressin receptor subtypes V1a (vascular), V1b (pituitary), and V2 (vascular, renal). A dysfunction in this pathway as a result of aging can result in multiple abnormalities in several physiological systems. In addition, vasopressin plasma concentration is significantly higher in males than in females and vasopressinmediated effects on renal and vascular targets are more pronounced in males than in females. These findings may be caused by sex differences in vasopressin secretion and action, making men more susceptible than females to diseases like hypertension, cardiovascular and chronic kidney diseases and urolithiasis. Recently, the availability of new, potent, orally active vasopressin-receptor antagonists -the vaptans- has strongly increased the interest on vasopressin and its receptors as a new target for prevention of age-related diseases associated with its receptor altered signaling. This review summarizes the recent literature in the field of vasopressin signaling in age dependent abnormalities in kidney, cardiovascular function, and bone function.

Aquaporins, Vasopressin and Aging: Current Perspectives

TAMMA, GRAZIA;VALENTI, Giovanna
2015

Abstract

Functioning of the hypothalamic-neurohypophyseal-vasopressin axis is altered in aging and the pathway may represent a plausible target to slow the process of aging. Arginine vasopressin, a 9-amino acid peptide that is secreted from the posterior pituitary in response to high plasma osmolality and hypotension, is central in this pathway. Vasopressin has important roles in circulatory and water homoeostasis mediated by vasopressin receptor subtypes V1a (vascular), V1b (pituitary), and V2 (vascular, renal). A dysfunction in this pathway as a result of aging can result in multiple abnormalities in several physiological systems. In addition, vasopressin plasma concentration is significantly higher in males than in females and vasopressinmediated effects on renal and vascular targets are more pronounced in males than in females. These findings may be caused by sex differences in vasopressin secretion and action, making men more susceptible than females to diseases like hypertension, cardiovascular and chronic kidney diseases and urolithiasis. Recently, the availability of new, potent, orally active vasopressin-receptor antagonists -the vaptans- has strongly increased the interest on vasopressin and its receptors as a new target for prevention of age-related diseases associated with its receptor altered signaling. This review summarizes the recent literature in the field of vasopressin signaling in age dependent abnormalities in kidney, cardiovascular function, and bone function.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/39474
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