Objective. The aim of our study was to investigate the presence of dysphagia in patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) and to correlate swallowing impairment with hypnologic and anatomic parameters. Methods. The study population includes 36 patients suffering from OSA. Patients were divided into two groups using the presence of dysphagia as a distinctive parameter. Group 1 included 27 OSA patients without signs of dysphagia and Group 2 included 9 OSA patients with signs of dysphagia. Results. The age of patients in Group 2 was higher compared with the age of patients in Group 1. Analysis of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP), obtained in the titration phase, showed that OSA patients with signs of dysphagia required a higher level of CPAP pressure than those who were not affected by swallowing abnormalities (12.6 ± 1 vs 10.5 ± 1.9 p = 0.003). No other differences in anthropometric, hypnologic, or arterial blood gas values were found between the two groups. Conclusions. In clinical practice, all OSA patients should undergo a complete ENT exam, including assessment of swallowing, before CPAP therapy is started. This may predict the need for higher CPAP pressure settings to resolve apnoea episodes in the presence of dysphagia as well as guide the choice of CPAP interfaces (orofacial vs. nasal) in these patients.

The association between dysphagia and OSA Disfagia e OSA

Marra L.;Cavallaro G.;Di Lecce V.;Castellana G.;Santomasi C.;Di Nicola V.;Quaranta N. A. A.;Carpagnano G. E.;Resta O.;Fiorella M. L.
2022

Abstract

Objective. The aim of our study was to investigate the presence of dysphagia in patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) and to correlate swallowing impairment with hypnologic and anatomic parameters. Methods. The study population includes 36 patients suffering from OSA. Patients were divided into two groups using the presence of dysphagia as a distinctive parameter. Group 1 included 27 OSA patients without signs of dysphagia and Group 2 included 9 OSA patients with signs of dysphagia. Results. The age of patients in Group 2 was higher compared with the age of patients in Group 1. Analysis of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP), obtained in the titration phase, showed that OSA patients with signs of dysphagia required a higher level of CPAP pressure than those who were not affected by swallowing abnormalities (12.6 ± 1 vs 10.5 ± 1.9 p = 0.003). No other differences in anthropometric, hypnologic, or arterial blood gas values were found between the two groups. Conclusions. In clinical practice, all OSA patients should undergo a complete ENT exam, including assessment of swallowing, before CPAP therapy is started. This may predict the need for higher CPAP pressure settings to resolve apnoea episodes in the presence of dysphagia as well as guide the choice of CPAP interfaces (orofacial vs. nasal) in these patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/391333
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