Zoledronic acid (ZOL) is used as a bone-specific antiresorptive drug with antimyeloma effects. Adverse drug reactions (A.D.R.) are associated with ZOL-therapy, whose mechanics are unknown. ZOL is a nitrogen-containing molecule whose structure shows similarities with nucleotides, ligands of ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels. We investigated the action of ZOL by performing in vitro patch-clamp experiments on native KATP channels in murine skeletal muscle fibers, bone cells, and recombinant subunits in cell lines, and by in silico docking the nucleotide site on KIR and SUR, as well as the glibenclamide site. ZOL fully inhibited the KATP currents recorded in excised macro-patches from Extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and Soleus (SOL) muscle fibers with an IC50 of 1.2 ± 1.4 × 10−6 and 2.1 ± 3.7 × 10−10 M, respectively, and the KATP currents recorded in cell-attached patches from primary long bone cells with an IC50 of 1.6 ± 2.8 × 10−10 M. ZOL fully inhibited a whole-cell KATP channel current of recombinant KIR6.1-SUR2B and KIR6.2-SUR2A subunits expressed in HEK293 cells with an IC50 of 3.9 ± 2.7 × 10−10 M and 7.1 ± 3.1 × 10−6 M, respectively. The rank order of potency in inhibiting the KATP currents was: KIR6.1-SUR2B/SOLKATP/osteoblast-KATP > KIR6.2-SUR2A/EDL-KATP >>> KIR6.2-SUR1 and KIR6.1-SUR1. Docking investigation revealed that the drug binds to the ADP/ATP sites on KIR6.1/2 and SUR2A/B and on the sulfonylureas site showing low binding energy <6 Kcal/mol for the KIR6.1/2-SUR2 subunits vs. the <4 Kcal/mol for the KIR6.2-SUR1. The IC50 of ZOL to inhibit the KIR6.1/2-SUR2A/B channels were correlated with its musculoskeletal and cardiovascular risks. We first showed that ZOL blocks at subnanomolar concentration musculoskeletal KATP channels and cardiac and vascular KIR6.2/1-SUR2 channels.

Zoledronic acid as a novel dual blocker of KIR6.1/2-SUR2 subunits of ATP-sensitive K+ channels: Role in the adverse drug reactions

Maqoud F.
Investigation
;
Scala R.
Conceptualization
;
Pierri C. L.
Formal Analysis
;
Perrone M. G.
Methodology
;
Scilimati A.
Methodology
;
Tricarico D.
Funding Acquisition
2021-01-01

Abstract

Zoledronic acid (ZOL) is used as a bone-specific antiresorptive drug with antimyeloma effects. Adverse drug reactions (A.D.R.) are associated with ZOL-therapy, whose mechanics are unknown. ZOL is a nitrogen-containing molecule whose structure shows similarities with nucleotides, ligands of ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels. We investigated the action of ZOL by performing in vitro patch-clamp experiments on native KATP channels in murine skeletal muscle fibers, bone cells, and recombinant subunits in cell lines, and by in silico docking the nucleotide site on KIR and SUR, as well as the glibenclamide site. ZOL fully inhibited the KATP currents recorded in excised macro-patches from Extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and Soleus (SOL) muscle fibers with an IC50 of 1.2 ± 1.4 × 10−6 and 2.1 ± 3.7 × 10−10 M, respectively, and the KATP currents recorded in cell-attached patches from primary long bone cells with an IC50 of 1.6 ± 2.8 × 10−10 M. ZOL fully inhibited a whole-cell KATP channel current of recombinant KIR6.1-SUR2B and KIR6.2-SUR2A subunits expressed in HEK293 cells with an IC50 of 3.9 ± 2.7 × 10−10 M and 7.1 ± 3.1 × 10−6 M, respectively. The rank order of potency in inhibiting the KATP currents was: KIR6.1-SUR2B/SOLKATP/osteoblast-KATP > KIR6.2-SUR2A/EDL-KATP >>> KIR6.2-SUR1 and KIR6.1-SUR1. Docking investigation revealed that the drug binds to the ADP/ATP sites on KIR6.1/2 and SUR2A/B and on the sulfonylureas site showing low binding energy <6 Kcal/mol for the KIR6.1/2-SUR2 subunits vs. the <4 Kcal/mol for the KIR6.2-SUR1. The IC50 of ZOL to inhibit the KIR6.1/2-SUR2A/B channels were correlated with its musculoskeletal and cardiovascular risks. We first showed that ZOL blocks at subnanomolar concentration musculoskeletal KATP channels and cardiac and vascular KIR6.2/1-SUR2 channels.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/389667
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