Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is the only biomarker with proven prognostic value in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. Preliminary data indicate crosstalk between AFP and VEGF signaling. Methods: The authors looked at 69 patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma who were previously tested for VEGFR2 expression, had available baseline AFP serum concentrations and were treated with sorafenib within clinical trials. Results: Shorter progression-free survival and overall survival were associated with increased AFP level and elevated VEGFR2 staining. At multivariate analysis of AFP level was the only independent prognostic factor for progression-free survival and overall survival. Conclusion: The authors' study confirms the adverse prognostic role of elevated baseline AFP and also suggests a possible role of AFP in primary resistance to sorafenib therapy.

Sorafenib and hepatocellular carcinoma: Is alpha-fetoprotein a biomarker predictive of tumor biology and primary resistance?

Porta C.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is the only biomarker with proven prognostic value in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. Preliminary data indicate crosstalk between AFP and VEGF signaling. Methods: The authors looked at 69 patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma who were previously tested for VEGFR2 expression, had available baseline AFP serum concentrations and were treated with sorafenib within clinical trials. Results: Shorter progression-free survival and overall survival were associated with increased AFP level and elevated VEGFR2 staining. At multivariate analysis of AFP level was the only independent prognostic factor for progression-free survival and overall survival. Conclusion: The authors' study confirms the adverse prognostic role of elevated baseline AFP and also suggests a possible role of AFP in primary resistance to sorafenib therapy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/389099
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