A strategy to make cities greener involves the use of green infrastructures. In this context, green façades applied to vertical envelope of buildings are one of the most promising technologies. Their contribution is particularly significant as passive cooling systems for buildings. Green façades allow to decrease air and surfaces temperatures mainly by canopy evapotranspiration and shading. Such processes are strongly influenced by environmental conditions and canopy characteristics. Aim of this research was to model and evaluate evapotranspirative and shading effects. Data recorded on an experimental prototype of building equipped with green façade were used for model development and assessment. Canopy characteristics, as leaf area index in vertical greening, were defined. Evapotranspiration was both measured with a load cell and evaluated through the green layer energy balance. The goodness-of-fit of the models was assessed by statistical indices. The models using Penman-Monteith and Deardorff formula, in summer, recorded average values of root mean square error equal to 12.48 W m−2 and to 14.61 W m−2, respectively. Plant coefficients useful for the application in vertical greening of the standardized evapotranspiration reference equation were defined. These were equal to 1.3 and 2.0 for Rhyncospermum Jasminoides in summer and spring, respectively. The daily overall cooling effect in summer, due to evapotranspiration and shading, was equal, on average, to 16.2 MJ m−2 of wall surface. Shading contributed about twice as much as the evapotranspiration. The findings of this research can be a useful contribution to writing routines of building energy models expressly developed for green façades.

Evaluation of the cooling effect provided by a green façade as nature-based system for buildings

Convertino F.;Vox G.
;
Schettini E.
2021-01-01

Abstract

A strategy to make cities greener involves the use of green infrastructures. In this context, green façades applied to vertical envelope of buildings are one of the most promising technologies. Their contribution is particularly significant as passive cooling systems for buildings. Green façades allow to decrease air and surfaces temperatures mainly by canopy evapotranspiration and shading. Such processes are strongly influenced by environmental conditions and canopy characteristics. Aim of this research was to model and evaluate evapotranspirative and shading effects. Data recorded on an experimental prototype of building equipped with green façade were used for model development and assessment. Canopy characteristics, as leaf area index in vertical greening, were defined. Evapotranspiration was both measured with a load cell and evaluated through the green layer energy balance. The goodness-of-fit of the models was assessed by statistical indices. The models using Penman-Monteith and Deardorff formula, in summer, recorded average values of root mean square error equal to 12.48 W m−2 and to 14.61 W m−2, respectively. Plant coefficients useful for the application in vertical greening of the standardized evapotranspiration reference equation were defined. These were equal to 1.3 and 2.0 for Rhyncospermum Jasminoides in summer and spring, respectively. The daily overall cooling effect in summer, due to evapotranspiration and shading, was equal, on average, to 16.2 MJ m−2 of wall surface. Shading contributed about twice as much as the evapotranspiration. The findings of this research can be a useful contribution to writing routines of building energy models expressly developed for green façades.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/389002
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 35
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 34
social impact