: The early administration of anti-SARS-CoV-2 monoclonal antibodies (mAb) could decrease the risk of severe disease and the need of inpatients care. Herein, our clinical experience with Bamlanivimab/Etesevimab for the treatment of early SARS-CoV-2 infection through an outpatient service was described. Patients with confirmed COVID-19 were selected by General Practitioners (GPs) if eligible to mAb administration, according to manufacturer and AIFA (Agenzia-Italiana-del-Farmaco) criteria. If suitability was confirmed by the Multidisciplinary Team, the patient was evaluated within the next 48-72 hours. Then, all patients underwent a medical evaluation, followed by mAb infusion or hospitalization if the medical condition had worsened. Overall, from March 29th to June 4th, 2021, 106 patients with confirmed COVID-19 were identified by GPs; 26 were considered not eligible and then excluded, while 9 refused treatment. Among the 71 remaining, 6 were not treated because of worsening of symptoms soon after selection. Finally, 65 received mAb therapy. All treated patients survived. However, 2/65 developed adverse events (allergic reaction and atrial fibrillation, respectively) and 6/65 needed hospitalization. By performing univariate logistic regression analysis, diabetes was the only risk factor for hospitalization after mAb administration [aOR = 9.34, 95%CI = 1.31-66.49, p= .026]. Importantly, subjects who worsened awaiting mAb were more frequently obese (OR = 16.66, 95%CI = 1.80-153.9, p= .013) and received home corticosteroid therapy for COVID-19 (OR = 14.11, 95%CI = 1.53-129.6, p= .019). Establishing a network among GPs and COVID units could be an effective strategy to provide mAb treatment to patients with early SARS-CoV-2 infection to reduce hospitalizations and pressure on healthcare systems.

Bamlanivimab and Etesevimab administered in an outpatient setting for SARS-CoV-2 infection

Bavaro, D F;Diella, L;Solimando, A G;Cicco, S;Buonamico, E;Stasi, C;Ciannarella, M;Carpagnano, F;Resta, O;Carpagnano, G E;Palmieri, V O;Vacca, A;Dell'Aera, M;Dell'Erba, A;Saracino, A
2022

Abstract

: The early administration of anti-SARS-CoV-2 monoclonal antibodies (mAb) could decrease the risk of severe disease and the need of inpatients care. Herein, our clinical experience with Bamlanivimab/Etesevimab for the treatment of early SARS-CoV-2 infection through an outpatient service was described. Patients with confirmed COVID-19 were selected by General Practitioners (GPs) if eligible to mAb administration, according to manufacturer and AIFA (Agenzia-Italiana-del-Farmaco) criteria. If suitability was confirmed by the Multidisciplinary Team, the patient was evaluated within the next 48-72 hours. Then, all patients underwent a medical evaluation, followed by mAb infusion or hospitalization if the medical condition had worsened. Overall, from March 29th to June 4th, 2021, 106 patients with confirmed COVID-19 were identified by GPs; 26 were considered not eligible and then excluded, while 9 refused treatment. Among the 71 remaining, 6 were not treated because of worsening of symptoms soon after selection. Finally, 65 received mAb therapy. All treated patients survived. However, 2/65 developed adverse events (allergic reaction and atrial fibrillation, respectively) and 6/65 needed hospitalization. By performing univariate logistic regression analysis, diabetes was the only risk factor for hospitalization after mAb administration [aOR = 9.34, 95%CI = 1.31-66.49, p= .026]. Importantly, subjects who worsened awaiting mAb were more frequently obese (OR = 16.66, 95%CI = 1.80-153.9, p= .013) and received home corticosteroid therapy for COVID-19 (OR = 14.11, 95%CI = 1.53-129.6, p= .019). Establishing a network among GPs and COVID units could be an effective strategy to provide mAb treatment to patients with early SARS-CoV-2 infection to reduce hospitalizations and pressure on healthcare systems.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/382771
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