Microscopic bud dissection can be used to assess grapevine bud fruitfulness prior to winter pruning and long before actual bud fruitfulness can be measured in the vineyard the following spring. Bud dissections should be performed by qualified and trained personnel because inflorescence primordia are difficult to distinguish in some varieties. In the Puglia region, Southeastern Italy, in 2018 and 2019, potential fruitfulness using bud dissection and actual fruitfulness observed in the vineyard were compared for seventeen table grape varieties. The percentage of fertile buds, the number of inflorescence primordia (IP) per node, and the incidence of primary bud necrosis (PBN) were detected with bud dissection to be used either for managing winter pruning or for predicting yield during the successive season. The data were successively compared with fertile buds and actual bud fruitfulness observed in the vineyard during spring. The table grape varieties examined had similar values of fertile buds and fruitfulness both with bud dissection and in the vineyard. The application of longitudinal sections in bud dissections can be an alternative approach (or can be integrated into traditional cross sections) to distinguish IP in some difficult varieties, but the two techniques can be used together for more repeatable results. The bud dissection technique (with both cross and longitudinal sections) can provide useful insights for viticulturist to help guide winter pruning (intensity of pruning and number of canes) and to predict potential yield.

Potential and actual bud fruitfulness: A tool for predicting and managing the yield of table grape varieties

Ferrara G.
;
Mazzeo A.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Microscopic bud dissection can be used to assess grapevine bud fruitfulness prior to winter pruning and long before actual bud fruitfulness can be measured in the vineyard the following spring. Bud dissections should be performed by qualified and trained personnel because inflorescence primordia are difficult to distinguish in some varieties. In the Puglia region, Southeastern Italy, in 2018 and 2019, potential fruitfulness using bud dissection and actual fruitfulness observed in the vineyard were compared for seventeen table grape varieties. The percentage of fertile buds, the number of inflorescence primordia (IP) per node, and the incidence of primary bud necrosis (PBN) were detected with bud dissection to be used either for managing winter pruning or for predicting yield during the successive season. The data were successively compared with fertile buds and actual bud fruitfulness observed in the vineyard during spring. The table grape varieties examined had similar values of fertile buds and fruitfulness both with bud dissection and in the vineyard. The application of longitudinal sections in bud dissections can be an alternative approach (or can be integrated into traditional cross sections) to distinguish IP in some difficult varieties, but the two techniques can be used together for more repeatable results. The bud dissection technique (with both cross and longitudinal sections) can provide useful insights for viticulturist to help guide winter pruning (intensity of pruning and number of canes) and to predict potential yield.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/378470
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