Patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) have an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC). The CRC risk extent raises with increasing age, duration of symptoms, severity of inflammation and dysplasia. CRC is a complex multi-stage process and associated with UC represents 2% of all colon cancers. With the aim of clarifying some aspects of the evolution of UC towards CRC, we characterized the phenotype of fibroblasts present in the mucosa of subjects affected by UC to verify whether they can contribute to the genesis of a microenvironment favorable to tumor transformation. The fibroblast phenotype was obtained with the help of transcriptome analysis adopting a novel framework based on Nonnegative Matrix Factorization (NMF) which automatically extracts a limited number of genes from fibroblast gene expression profiles of patients with UC and CRC. These genes may be considered possible candidates in generating a permissive microenvironment for the evolution of disease under study.

Analysis of fibroblast genes selected by NMF to reveal the potential crosstalk between ulcerative colitis and colorectal cancer

Angelina Boccarelli
;
Nicoletta Del Buono;Flavia Esposito
2021

Abstract

Patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) have an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC). The CRC risk extent raises with increasing age, duration of symptoms, severity of inflammation and dysplasia. CRC is a complex multi-stage process and associated with UC represents 2% of all colon cancers. With the aim of clarifying some aspects of the evolution of UC towards CRC, we characterized the phenotype of fibroblasts present in the mucosa of subjects affected by UC to verify whether they can contribute to the genesis of a microenvironment favorable to tumor transformation. The fibroblast phenotype was obtained with the help of transcriptome analysis adopting a novel framework based on Nonnegative Matrix Factorization (NMF) which automatically extracts a limited number of genes from fibroblast gene expression profiles of patients with UC and CRC. These genes may be considered possible candidates in generating a permissive microenvironment for the evolution of disease under study.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/375000
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