Natural Language Processing tasks recently achieved considerable interest and progresses following the development of numerous innovative artificial intelligence models released in recent years. The increase in available computing power has made possible the application of machine learning approaches on a considerable amount of textual data, demonstrating how they can obtain very encouraging results in challenging NLP tasks by generalizing the properties of natural language directly from the data. Models such as ELMo, GPT/GPT-2, BERT, ERNIE, and RoBERTa have proved to be extremely useful in NLP tasks such as entailment, sentiment analysis, and question answering. The availability of these resources mainly in the English language motivated us towards the realization of AlBERTo, a natural language model based on BERT and trained on the Italian language. We decided to train AlBERTo from scratch on social network language, Twitter in particular, because many of the classic tasks of content analysis are oriented to data extracted from the digital sphere of users. The model was distributed to the community through a repository on GitHub and the Transformers library (Wolf et al. 2019) released by the development group huggingface.co. We have evaluated the validity of the model on the classification tasks of sentiment polarity, irony, subjectivity, and hate speech. The specifications of the model, the code developed for training and fine-tuning, and the instructions for using it in a research project are freely available.

AlBERTo: Modeling Italian Social Media Language with BERT

Polignano, Marco;Basile, Pierpaolo;Gemmis, Marco;Semeraro, Giovanni
2019

Abstract

Natural Language Processing tasks recently achieved considerable interest and progresses following the development of numerous innovative artificial intelligence models released in recent years. The increase in available computing power has made possible the application of machine learning approaches on a considerable amount of textual data, demonstrating how they can obtain very encouraging results in challenging NLP tasks by generalizing the properties of natural language directly from the data. Models such as ELMo, GPT/GPT-2, BERT, ERNIE, and RoBERTa have proved to be extremely useful in NLP tasks such as entailment, sentiment analysis, and question answering. The availability of these resources mainly in the English language motivated us towards the realization of AlBERTo, a natural language model based on BERT and trained on the Italian language. We decided to train AlBERTo from scratch on social network language, Twitter in particular, because many of the classic tasks of content analysis are oriented to data extracted from the digital sphere of users. The model was distributed to the community through a repository on GitHub and the Transformers library (Wolf et al. 2019) released by the development group huggingface.co. We have evaluated the validity of the model on the classification tasks of sentiment polarity, irony, subjectivity, and hate speech. The specifications of the model, the code developed for training and fine-tuning, and the instructions for using it in a research project are freely available.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/372368
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