The association between environmental conditions and pregnancy outcome has been under investigation for a long time, but results appear to be inconclusive regarding damage to either the newborn or the mother. The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of hospitalization of newborns with low birthweight (< 2500 g) and extremely low birthweight (< 1000 g) in the geographical area of Taranto, Italy, which is characterized by high environmental risk because of industrial pollution. We analyzed the database of hospital discharge forms for the years 2001–2013 regarding hospital admission of newborns in the region of Apulia. The relative risk (RR) of hospitalization, adjusted for the deprivation index, was estimated using the Besag–York–Molliè Bayesian model. The city of Taranto, which has the highest environmental risk, had the highest RR for newborns with low birthweight (1.47, 95% uncertainty interval 1.38–1.56). Other geographical areas with high environmental pollution had higher RRs for low birth weight compared with the regional average. We found no geographical distribution pattern of extremely low birthweight that would suggest an association with environmental pollution.

Survey of Low Birthweight and Extremely Low Birthweight Events in a High Environmental Risk Area of Apulia, Italy

Trerotoli P.;Bartolomeo N.
Methodology
;
Triggiani S.;Serio G.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

The association between environmental conditions and pregnancy outcome has been under investigation for a long time, but results appear to be inconclusive regarding damage to either the newborn or the mother. The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of hospitalization of newborns with low birthweight (< 2500 g) and extremely low birthweight (< 1000 g) in the geographical area of Taranto, Italy, which is characterized by high environmental risk because of industrial pollution. We analyzed the database of hospital discharge forms for the years 2001–2013 regarding hospital admission of newborns in the region of Apulia. The relative risk (RR) of hospitalization, adjusted for the deprivation index, was estimated using the Besag–York–Molliè Bayesian model. The city of Taranto, which has the highest environmental risk, had the highest RR for newborns with low birthweight (1.47, 95% uncertainty interval 1.38–1.56). Other geographical areas with high environmental pollution had higher RRs for low birth weight compared with the regional average. We found no geographical distribution pattern of extremely low birthweight that would suggest an association with environmental pollution.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/370350
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