The present study focuses on the use of Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN or ConvNet) to classify a multi-seasonal dataset of Sentinel-2 images to discriminate four grassland habitats in the “Murgia Alta” protected site. To this end, we compared two approaches differing only by the first layer machinery, which, in one case, is instantiated as a fully-connected layer and, in the other case, results in a ConvNet equipped with kernels covering the whole input (wide-kernel ConvNet). A patchwise approach, tessellating training reference data in square patches, was adopted. Besides assessing the effectiveness of ConvNets with patched multispectral data, we analyzed how the information needed for classification spreads to patterns over convex sets of pixels. Our results show that: (a) with an F1-score of around 97% (5 x 5 patch size), ConvNets provides an excellent tool for patch-based pattern recognition with multispectral input data without requiring special feature extraction; (b) the information spreads over the limit of a single pixel: the performance of the network increases until 5 x 5 patch sizes are used and then ConvNet performance starts decreasing.

Sentinel-2 Remote Sensed Image Classification with Patchwise Trained ConvNets for Grassland Habitat Discrimination

Adamo, Maria;Blonda, Palma;Forte, Luigi;
2021-01-01

Abstract

The present study focuses on the use of Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN or ConvNet) to classify a multi-seasonal dataset of Sentinel-2 images to discriminate four grassland habitats in the “Murgia Alta” protected site. To this end, we compared two approaches differing only by the first layer machinery, which, in one case, is instantiated as a fully-connected layer and, in the other case, results in a ConvNet equipped with kernels covering the whole input (wide-kernel ConvNet). A patchwise approach, tessellating training reference data in square patches, was adopted. Besides assessing the effectiveness of ConvNets with patched multispectral data, we analyzed how the information needed for classification spreads to patterns over convex sets of pixels. Our results show that: (a) with an F1-score of around 97% (5 x 5 patch size), ConvNets provides an excellent tool for patch-based pattern recognition with multispectral input data without requiring special feature extraction; (b) the information spreads over the limit of a single pixel: the performance of the network increases until 5 x 5 patch sizes are used and then ConvNet performance starts decreasing.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/369977
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