Importance: The association between age-related hearing loss (ARHL) and physical or cognitive frailty has been poorly explored. These associations could define new perspectives for delaying frailty-related processes in older age. Objective: To examine whether peripheral ARHL and age-related central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) are independently associated with physical or cognitive frailty. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional study analyzed registry data from December 31, 2014, on 1929 older (≥65 years) participants of the Salus in Apulia Study (Southern Italy) who underwent audiologic, physical, and neuropsychological assessment. Data analysis was performed from December 12, 2019, to January 4, 2020. Main Outcomes and Measures: Prevalence of peripheral ARHL in older individuals with physical and/or cognitive frailty and those without frailty assessed using the Fried criteria (physical) and the Mini-Mental State Examination (cognitive). Multivariable logistic regression models were used to assess associations of audiologic variables with frailty phenotype. Results: Data from 1929 participants (mean [SD] age, 73.6 [6.3] years; 974 male [50.5%]) were eligible for the analyses. The prevalence of peripheral ARHL was higher in the physical frailty group (96 [26.6%]) than in the nonfrail group (329 [21.0%]) (difference, 5.61 percentage points; 95% CI, 0.63-10.59 percentage points) and in the cognitive frailty group (40 [38.8%]) than in the nonfrail group (385 [21.1%]) (difference, 17.75 percentage points; 95% CI, 8.2-27.3 percentage points). Age-related CAPD was more prevalent in the physical frailty group (62 [17.2%]) than in the nonfrail group (219 [14.0%]) (difference, 3.21 percentage points; 95% CI,-1.04 to 7.46 percentage points) and in the cognitive frailty group (28 [27.2%]) than in the nonfrail group (253 [13.9%]) (difference, 13.33 percentage points; 95% CI, 4.10-22.21 percentage points). In the multivariable models, age-related CAPD was associated with cognitive frailty in the fully adjusted model (odds ratio [OR], 1.889; 95% CI, 1.094-3.311). There was also an inverse association between the unitary increase in Synthetic Sentence Identification With the Ipsilateral Competitive Message scores, indicating a lower likelihood of this disorder, and cognitive frailty (OR, 0.989; 95% CI, 0.988-0.999). Peripheral ARHL was associated with cognitive frailty only in the partially adjusted model (OR, 1.725; 95% CI, 1.008-2.937). Conclusions and Relevance: In this cross-sectional study of 1929 participants, age-related CAPD was independently associated with cognitive frailty. Whether the management of ARHL may help prevent the development of different frailty phenotypes or improve their clinical consequences should be addressed in longitudinal studies and, eventually, well-designed randomized clinical trials.

Association between Central and Peripheral Age-Related Hearing Loss and Different Frailty Phenotypes in an Older Population in Southern Italy

Sardone R.;Castellana F.;Bortone I.;Lozupone M.;Griseta C.;Logroscino G.;Solfrizzi V.;Quaranta N.;Giannelli G.;Panza F.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Importance: The association between age-related hearing loss (ARHL) and physical or cognitive frailty has been poorly explored. These associations could define new perspectives for delaying frailty-related processes in older age. Objective: To examine whether peripheral ARHL and age-related central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) are independently associated with physical or cognitive frailty. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional study analyzed registry data from December 31, 2014, on 1929 older (≥65 years) participants of the Salus in Apulia Study (Southern Italy) who underwent audiologic, physical, and neuropsychological assessment. Data analysis was performed from December 12, 2019, to January 4, 2020. Main Outcomes and Measures: Prevalence of peripheral ARHL in older individuals with physical and/or cognitive frailty and those without frailty assessed using the Fried criteria (physical) and the Mini-Mental State Examination (cognitive). Multivariable logistic regression models were used to assess associations of audiologic variables with frailty phenotype. Results: Data from 1929 participants (mean [SD] age, 73.6 [6.3] years; 974 male [50.5%]) were eligible for the analyses. The prevalence of peripheral ARHL was higher in the physical frailty group (96 [26.6%]) than in the nonfrail group (329 [21.0%]) (difference, 5.61 percentage points; 95% CI, 0.63-10.59 percentage points) and in the cognitive frailty group (40 [38.8%]) than in the nonfrail group (385 [21.1%]) (difference, 17.75 percentage points; 95% CI, 8.2-27.3 percentage points). Age-related CAPD was more prevalent in the physical frailty group (62 [17.2%]) than in the nonfrail group (219 [14.0%]) (difference, 3.21 percentage points; 95% CI,-1.04 to 7.46 percentage points) and in the cognitive frailty group (28 [27.2%]) than in the nonfrail group (253 [13.9%]) (difference, 13.33 percentage points; 95% CI, 4.10-22.21 percentage points). In the multivariable models, age-related CAPD was associated with cognitive frailty in the fully adjusted model (odds ratio [OR], 1.889; 95% CI, 1.094-3.311). There was also an inverse association between the unitary increase in Synthetic Sentence Identification With the Ipsilateral Competitive Message scores, indicating a lower likelihood of this disorder, and cognitive frailty (OR, 0.989; 95% CI, 0.988-0.999). Peripheral ARHL was associated with cognitive frailty only in the partially adjusted model (OR, 1.725; 95% CI, 1.008-2.937). Conclusions and Relevance: In this cross-sectional study of 1929 participants, age-related CAPD was independently associated with cognitive frailty. Whether the management of ARHL may help prevent the development of different frailty phenotypes or improve their clinical consequences should be addressed in longitudinal studies and, eventually, well-designed randomized clinical trials.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/361962
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 14
  • Scopus 30
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 30
social impact