We set up a diagnostic double-color double-fusion fluorescence in situ hybridization (DCDF-FISH) assay to investigate a case of a de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML)-M4 bearing an inv(11)(p15q22). DCDF-FISH detected the NUP98-DDX10 rearrangement as two fusion signals, at the short and the long arms of the inv(11). Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and cloning experiments confirmed the NUP98-DDX10 fusion and identified two splicing fusion isoforms: the known "type II fusion," originating from the fusion of NUP98 exon 14 to DDX10 exon 7 and a new in-frame fusion transcript between NUP98 exon 15 and DDX10 exon 7, which we termed "type III fusion."
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