Summary. Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) is the causal agent of the most important virus disease of citrus. CTV isolates differing in biological and molecular characteristics have been reported worldwide. Recently, CTV was detected in Syria in citrus groves from two Governorates (Lattakia and Tartous) and several CTV outbreaks have been reported in Apulia (southern Italy) since 2003. To molecularly characterize the CTV populations spreading in Syria and Italy, a number of isolates from each region was selected and examined by different molecular approaches including: Multiple Molecular Markers analysis (MMM), real time RT-(q)PCR, single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) of the major coat protein (CP) gene (P25), and sequence analysis of the CP (P25), P18, P20 and RdRp genes. SSCP analysis of CP25 yielded two distinct simple patterns among the Syrian isolates and three different patterns in the Italian isolates. Based on MMM analysis, all Syrian CTV isolates were categorized as VT-like genotype, whereas the Italian isolates reacted only with the markers specific for the T30 genotype. These findings were also confirmed by RT-qPCR and by sequencing analysis of four genomic regions. The Italian isolates had nucleotide identities which varied: from 99.5 to 99.8 for the CP gene; from 97.4% to 98.3% for the P18 gene; from 98.6% to 99.8% for the P20 and from 97.8% to 99.1% for the partial RdRp sequenced. High sequence identity was found for all genomic regions analyzed between the Syrian isolates (from 98.9% to 99.6%). These results show that the CTV populations spreading in Apulia and Syria are associated with different genotypes, indicating different potential impacts on the citrus trees in the field. Since in both areas the introduction of the virus is relatively recent, infected plants resulted to contain a single and common genotype, suggesting that CTV is spreading from the first outbreaks by aphids or local movement of autochthonous infected plant material.

Characterization of Citrus tristeza virus isolates recovered in Syria and Apulia (southern Italy) using different molecular tools

SAVINO, Vito Nicola;
2012

Abstract

Summary. Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) is the causal agent of the most important virus disease of citrus. CTV isolates differing in biological and molecular characteristics have been reported worldwide. Recently, CTV was detected in Syria in citrus groves from two Governorates (Lattakia and Tartous) and several CTV outbreaks have been reported in Apulia (southern Italy) since 2003. To molecularly characterize the CTV populations spreading in Syria and Italy, a number of isolates from each region was selected and examined by different molecular approaches including: Multiple Molecular Markers analysis (MMM), real time RT-(q)PCR, single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) of the major coat protein (CP) gene (P25), and sequence analysis of the CP (P25), P18, P20 and RdRp genes. SSCP analysis of CP25 yielded two distinct simple patterns among the Syrian isolates and three different patterns in the Italian isolates. Based on MMM analysis, all Syrian CTV isolates were categorized as VT-like genotype, whereas the Italian isolates reacted only with the markers specific for the T30 genotype. These findings were also confirmed by RT-qPCR and by sequencing analysis of four genomic regions. The Italian isolates had nucleotide identities which varied: from 99.5 to 99.8 for the CP gene; from 97.4% to 98.3% for the P18 gene; from 98.6% to 99.8% for the P20 and from 97.8% to 99.1% for the partial RdRp sequenced. High sequence identity was found for all genomic regions analyzed between the Syrian isolates (from 98.9% to 99.6%). These results show that the CTV populations spreading in Apulia and Syria are associated with different genotypes, indicating different potential impacts on the citrus trees in the field. Since in both areas the introduction of the virus is relatively recent, infected plants resulted to contain a single and common genotype, suggesting that CTV is spreading from the first outbreaks by aphids or local movement of autochthonous infected plant material.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/34157
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