A highly sensitive trace gas sensor based on light-induced thermoelastic spectroscopy (LITES) and a custom quartz tuning fork (QTF) is reported. The QTF has a T-shaped prong geometry and grooves carved on the prongs' surface, allowing a reduction of both the resonance frequency and the electrical resistance but retaining a high resonance quality factor. The base of the QTF prongs is the area maximizing the light-induced thermoelastic effect. The front surface of this area was left uncoated to allow laser transmission through the quartz, while on the back side of the QTF, a gold film was coated to back-reflect the laser beam and further enhance the light absorption inside the crystal. Acetylene (C2H2) was chosen as the target gas to test and validate the LITES sensor. We demonstrated that the sensor response scales linearly with the laser power incident on the prong base, and the optimum signal to noise ratio was obtained at an optical power of 4 mW. A minimum detection limit of ∼325 ppb was achieved at an integration time of 1 s, corresponding to a normalized noise equivalent absorption coefficient of 9.16 × 10-10cm-1W/√Hz, nearly one order of magnitude better with respect to the value obtained with a standard 32.768 kHz QTF-based LITES sensor under the same experimental conditions.

Ultra-high sensitive trace gas detection based on light-induced thermoelastic spectroscopy and a custom quartz tuning fork

Patimisco P.;Sampaolo A.;Spagnolo V.
2020

Abstract

A highly sensitive trace gas sensor based on light-induced thermoelastic spectroscopy (LITES) and a custom quartz tuning fork (QTF) is reported. The QTF has a T-shaped prong geometry and grooves carved on the prongs' surface, allowing a reduction of both the resonance frequency and the electrical resistance but retaining a high resonance quality factor. The base of the QTF prongs is the area maximizing the light-induced thermoelastic effect. The front surface of this area was left uncoated to allow laser transmission through the quartz, while on the back side of the QTF, a gold film was coated to back-reflect the laser beam and further enhance the light absorption inside the crystal. Acetylene (C2H2) was chosen as the target gas to test and validate the LITES sensor. We demonstrated that the sensor response scales linearly with the laser power incident on the prong base, and the optimum signal to noise ratio was obtained at an optical power of 4 mW. A minimum detection limit of ∼325 ppb was achieved at an integration time of 1 s, corresponding to a normalized noise equivalent absorption coefficient of 9.16 × 10-10cm-1W/√Hz, nearly one order of magnitude better with respect to the value obtained with a standard 32.768 kHz QTF-based LITES sensor under the same experimental conditions.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/331769
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 61
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 57
social impact