OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship of homocysteine (Hcy) plasma levels to insulin resistance (IR). DESIGN: A cross-sectional study in a primary care setting. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fasting Hcy levels were measured in the plasma of 44 pre-menopausal women [17 normal weight (body mass index BMI 20.0-24.9 kg/m2), 7 overweight (BMI 25.0-29.9 kg/m2), 20 obese (BMI> or =30.0 kg/m2)], aged 18-45 yr. Other measurements included: central fat accumulation, as evaluated by waist circumference; IR, as calculated by homeostatic model assessment (HOMAIR); systolic and diastolic blood pressure; and fasting concentrations of glucose, insulin and lipids (total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides). RESULTS: Hcy was positively correlated with insulin concentrations (p<0.01), HOMAIR (p<0.01), and systolic and diastolic blood pressure (p<0.01 and p<0.05, respectively). After multivariate analysis, only HOMAIR maintained an independent association with Hcy (p<0.05), irrespective of age and other anthropometric and biochemical variables. Lastly, we observed a gradual increase in Hcy plasma levels across the age- and BMI-matched quartiles in which the whole population was divided according to HOMAIR levels (F: 2.73, p<0.05 for linear trend). CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that Hcy plasma levels are independently associated with IR in apparently healthy normal weight, overweight and obese pre-menopausal women, thus suggesting a possible role of IR and/or hyperinsulinaemia in increasing Hcy plasma levels. Since Hcy is a well-known cardiovascular risk factor, higher Hcy plasma levels may well be a further mechanism explaining the higher risk of coronary heart disease in patients affected by IR

Homocystein plasma levels are independently associated with insulin resistance in normal weight, overweight and obese pre-menopausal women.

DE PERGOLA, Giovanni;
2001

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship of homocysteine (Hcy) plasma levels to insulin resistance (IR). DESIGN: A cross-sectional study in a primary care setting. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fasting Hcy levels were measured in the plasma of 44 pre-menopausal women [17 normal weight (body mass index BMI 20.0-24.9 kg/m2), 7 overweight (BMI 25.0-29.9 kg/m2), 20 obese (BMI> or =30.0 kg/m2)], aged 18-45 yr. Other measurements included: central fat accumulation, as evaluated by waist circumference; IR, as calculated by homeostatic model assessment (HOMAIR); systolic and diastolic blood pressure; and fasting concentrations of glucose, insulin and lipids (total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides). RESULTS: Hcy was positively correlated with insulin concentrations (p<0.01), HOMAIR (p<0.01), and systolic and diastolic blood pressure (p<0.01 and p<0.05, respectively). After multivariate analysis, only HOMAIR maintained an independent association with Hcy (p<0.05), irrespective of age and other anthropometric and biochemical variables. Lastly, we observed a gradual increase in Hcy plasma levels across the age- and BMI-matched quartiles in which the whole population was divided according to HOMAIR levels (F: 2.73, p<0.05 for linear trend). CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that Hcy plasma levels are independently associated with IR in apparently healthy normal weight, overweight and obese pre-menopausal women, thus suggesting a possible role of IR and/or hyperinsulinaemia in increasing Hcy plasma levels. Since Hcy is a well-known cardiovascular risk factor, higher Hcy plasma levels may well be a further mechanism explaining the higher risk of coronary heart disease in patients affected by IR
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/32273
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