The present study describes an unprecedented approach to valorize potentially hazardous poly-(bisphenol A carbonate) (PC) wastes. In THF, under non-severe conditions (120 °C), the reaction of PC with long-chain diamines H2NRNH2 (2 equivalents) provided a tool to regenerate the monomer bisphenol A (BPA; 83–95%, isolated) and repurpose waste PC into [-NHRNHCO-]n polyureas (PUs; 78–99%, isolated) through a non-isocyanate route. Basic diamines (1,6-diaminohexane, 4,7,10-trioxa-1,13-tridecanediamine, meta-xylylenediamine, para-xylylenediamine) reacted with PC without any auxiliary catalyst; less reactive aromatic diamines (4,4’-diaminodiphenylmethane, 2,4-diaminotoluene) required the assistance of a base catalyst (1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene, NaOH). The formation of [-NHRNHCO-]n goes through a carbamation step affording BPA and carbamate intermediates H[-OArOC(O)NHRNHC(O)-]nOArOH (Ar=4,4’-C6H4C(Me)2C6H4-) that, in a subsequent step, convert into [-NHRNHCO-]n and more BPA. All the PUs were characterized in the solid state by CP/MAS 13C NMR (δ(C[dbnd]O) = 152–161 ppm) and IR spectroscopy. The positions of ν(N-H) and ν(C[dbnd]O) absorptions are typical of “hydrogen-bonded ordered” bands suggesting the presence of H-bonded groups in network structures characterized by some degree of order or regularity. DSC and TGA analyses showed that the PUs are thermally stable (Td,5%: 212–270 °C) and suitable for being processed since their degradation begins at temperatures about 100 °C higher than their Tg or Tm.

Chemical Recycling of Poly-(Bisphenol A Carbonate) by Diaminolysis: a New Carbon-Saving Synthetic Entry into Non-Isocyanate Polyureas (NIPUreas)

Eugenio Quaranta
Supervision
;
Angela Dibenedetto
Investigation
;
Francesco Nocito
Investigation
;
2021

Abstract

The present study describes an unprecedented approach to valorize potentially hazardous poly-(bisphenol A carbonate) (PC) wastes. In THF, under non-severe conditions (120 °C), the reaction of PC with long-chain diamines H2NRNH2 (2 equivalents) provided a tool to regenerate the monomer bisphenol A (BPA; 83–95%, isolated) and repurpose waste PC into [-NHRNHCO-]n polyureas (PUs; 78–99%, isolated) through a non-isocyanate route. Basic diamines (1,6-diaminohexane, 4,7,10-trioxa-1,13-tridecanediamine, meta-xylylenediamine, para-xylylenediamine) reacted with PC without any auxiliary catalyst; less reactive aromatic diamines (4,4’-diaminodiphenylmethane, 2,4-diaminotoluene) required the assistance of a base catalyst (1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene, NaOH). The formation of [-NHRNHCO-]n goes through a carbamation step affording BPA and carbamate intermediates H[-OArOC(O)NHRNHC(O)-]nOArOH (Ar=4,4’-C6H4C(Me)2C6H4-) that, in a subsequent step, convert into [-NHRNHCO-]n and more BPA. All the PUs were characterized in the solid state by CP/MAS 13C NMR (δ(C[dbnd]O) = 152–161 ppm) and IR spectroscopy. The positions of ν(N-H) and ν(C[dbnd]O) absorptions are typical of “hydrogen-bonded ordered” bands suggesting the presence of H-bonded groups in network structures characterized by some degree of order or regularity. DSC and TGA analyses showed that the PUs are thermally stable (Td,5%: 212–270 °C) and suitable for being processed since their degradation begins at temperatures about 100 °C higher than their Tg or Tm.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/312425
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