1,2-Diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-N-acyl-ethanolamines (NAPE) are low abundance phospholipids but important constituents of intracellular membranes of plant tissues, responsible for generating bioactive N-acylethanolamine (NAE), which participates in several physiological processes such as regulation of seed germination and protection against pathogenic attacks. From an analytical point of view, the critical aspect of these bioactive lipids lies in the determination of fatty acyl chains located in sn-1/sn-2 position on the glycerol backbone (O-linked), along with the amide-bound (N-linked) fatty acyl chain. Here, the identity and occurrence of NAPE in lipid extracts of lupin seeds (Lupinus luteus L.) was assessed by electrospray ionization in negative ion mode upon reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RPLC-ESI) coupled to mass spectrometry (MS) either at high- (i.e., Orbitrap FTMS) or low- (linear ion trap, LIT) resolution/accuracy. Collisional induced dissociation (CID)-tandem MS and MS3 acquisitions of chemically prepared NAPE allowed to unequivocally recognize the N-linked fatty acyl chain and to establish the diagnostic product ions that were successfully applied to identify NAPE in lipid extracts of yellow lupin seeds. The most abundant NAPE species were those containing N-acyl groups C18:1, C18:2; a minor prevalence was found for C16:0, C18:0, and C18:3, and almost the same acyl chains O-linked on the glycerol backbone in several sn-1/sn-2 combinations were observed. The positional isomers of NAPE species were identified as deprotonated molecules ([M-H]-) at m/z 978.7541 (three isomers 52:3), m/z 980.7694 (two isomers 52:2), m/z 1002.7535 (four isomers 54:5), m/z 1004.7686 (two isomers 54:4), m/z 1006.7837 (two isomers 54:3), and m/z 1008.8026 (single isomer 54:2). The total amount of NAPE in lupin seeds ranged in the interval of 2.00 ± 0.13 mg/g dw, in agreement with other edible legumes. We anticipate our approach to be a robust assessment method potentially applicable to biological extracts containing NAPE species and can provide comprehensive profiles and contents.

Regiochemical Assignment of N-Acylphosphatidylethanolamines (NAPE) by Liquid Chromatography/Electrospray Ionization with Multistage Mass Spectrometry and Its Application to Extracts of Lupin Seeds

Bianco M.;Calvano C. D.;Ventura G.;Losito I.;Cataldi T. R. I.
2020

Abstract

1,2-Diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-N-acyl-ethanolamines (NAPE) are low abundance phospholipids but important constituents of intracellular membranes of plant tissues, responsible for generating bioactive N-acylethanolamine (NAE), which participates in several physiological processes such as regulation of seed germination and protection against pathogenic attacks. From an analytical point of view, the critical aspect of these bioactive lipids lies in the determination of fatty acyl chains located in sn-1/sn-2 position on the glycerol backbone (O-linked), along with the amide-bound (N-linked) fatty acyl chain. Here, the identity and occurrence of NAPE in lipid extracts of lupin seeds (Lupinus luteus L.) was assessed by electrospray ionization in negative ion mode upon reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RPLC-ESI) coupled to mass spectrometry (MS) either at high- (i.e., Orbitrap FTMS) or low- (linear ion trap, LIT) resolution/accuracy. Collisional induced dissociation (CID)-tandem MS and MS3 acquisitions of chemically prepared NAPE allowed to unequivocally recognize the N-linked fatty acyl chain and to establish the diagnostic product ions that were successfully applied to identify NAPE in lipid extracts of yellow lupin seeds. The most abundant NAPE species were those containing N-acyl groups C18:1, C18:2; a minor prevalence was found for C16:0, C18:0, and C18:3, and almost the same acyl chains O-linked on the glycerol backbone in several sn-1/sn-2 combinations were observed. The positional isomers of NAPE species were identified as deprotonated molecules ([M-H]-) at m/z 978.7541 (three isomers 52:3), m/z 980.7694 (two isomers 52:2), m/z 1002.7535 (four isomers 54:5), m/z 1004.7686 (two isomers 54:4), m/z 1006.7837 (two isomers 54:3), and m/z 1008.8026 (single isomer 54:2). The total amount of NAPE in lupin seeds ranged in the interval of 2.00 ± 0.13 mg/g dw, in agreement with other edible legumes. We anticipate our approach to be a robust assessment method potentially applicable to biological extracts containing NAPE species and can provide comprehensive profiles and contents.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/311933
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