This article analyzes the features of a female Saint, named Fara, and the development of her cult in the early Middle Ages. Fara founded the monastery of Eboriac, later called Faremoutiers after her, and lived in the first half of the 7th century. She is one of the minor figures celebrated by Jonah of Bobbio in the Vita Sancti Columbani, a portion of which (the Miracula Evoriacensia) is precisely committed to the monastic community of Fara. Jonah highlights Fara’s observance of the monastic model of Columbanus and his followers rather than emphasizing her holiness; he also focuses on her role as abbess rather than on her thaumaturgic capacity: indeed, in Jonah’s story no miracle by Fara is reported. It is traditionally assumed that the first translation of her body occurred – for devotional reasons – forty years after her death. Nonetheless, her holiness seems to be recognized only in the 9th century, when she begins to be celebrated as a saint in various works. Usuardus, for instance, includes her in his Martyrology. From this moment on, Fara’s cult will gradually develop and spread out, reaching geographical, historical and social contexts very distant from the one that shaped it.

Una donna alla sequela di Colombano: Fara, fondatrice di Faremoutiers

angela laghezza
2019

Abstract

This article analyzes the features of a female Saint, named Fara, and the development of her cult in the early Middle Ages. Fara founded the monastery of Eboriac, later called Faremoutiers after her, and lived in the first half of the 7th century. She is one of the minor figures celebrated by Jonah of Bobbio in the Vita Sancti Columbani, a portion of which (the Miracula Evoriacensia) is precisely committed to the monastic community of Fara. Jonah highlights Fara’s observance of the monastic model of Columbanus and his followers rather than emphasizing her holiness; he also focuses on her role as abbess rather than on her thaumaturgic capacity: indeed, in Jonah’s story no miracle by Fara is reported. It is traditionally assumed that the first translation of her body occurred – for devotional reasons – forty years after her death. Nonetheless, her holiness seems to be recognized only in the 9th century, when she begins to be celebrated as a saint in various works. Usuardus, for instance, includes her in his Martyrology. From this moment on, Fara’s cult will gradually develop and spread out, reaching geographical, historical and social contexts very distant from the one that shaped it.
Ce travail restitue la figure de sainte Fare et la naissance de son culte au haut Moyen Âge. Fare, fondatrice du monastère d’Eboriac, puis nommé Faremoutiers, vécut dans la première moitié du VIIe siècle. Elle fait partie des figures mineures célébrées par Jonas de Bobbio dans la Vita Sancti Columbani, qui, en outre, consacre à la communauté monastique qu’elle a fondée une partie de son ouvrage, les Miracula Evoriacensia. Le témoignage de Jonas souligne l’adhésion de Fare à l’idéal monastique promu par Colomban et ses disciples, et plus que sa sainteté, son rôle d’abbesse: Fare n’accomplit pas de miracles. Bien que la tradition rapporte une première translation de son corps quarante ans après sa mort pour des raisons cultuelles, on peut affirmer que l’abbesse entre à part entière dans le cercle de la sainteté au IXe siècle, lorsqu’elle est célébrée comme sainte dans diverses oeuvres et incluse par Usuard dans son Martyrologe. À partir de là, le culte de Fare se développera progressivement, touchant des contextes géographiques, historiques et sociaux très éloignés.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/309938
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