In this paper, we propose a novel method for mild cognitive impairment detection based on exploiting jointly the complex network and the neural network paradigm. In particular, the method is based on ensembling different brain structural “perspectives” with artificial neural networks. On one hand, these perspectives are obtained with complex network measures tailored to describe the disrupted brain connectivity. In turn, the brain reconstruction is obtained by combining diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) to tractography algorithms. On the other hand, artificial neural networks provide a means to learn a mapping from topological properties of the brain to the presence or absence of cognitive decline. The effectiveness of the method is studied on a well-known benchmark data set in order to evaluate if it can provide an automatic tool to support the early disease diagnosis. Also, the effects of balancing issues are investigated to further assess the reliability of the complex network-based approach to DWI data.

Ensembling complex network ‘perspectives’ for mild cognitive impairment detection with artificial neural networks

Lella, Eufemia;Vessio, Gennaro
2020-01-01

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a novel method for mild cognitive impairment detection based on exploiting jointly the complex network and the neural network paradigm. In particular, the method is based on ensembling different brain structural “perspectives” with artificial neural networks. On one hand, these perspectives are obtained with complex network measures tailored to describe the disrupted brain connectivity. In turn, the brain reconstruction is obtained by combining diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) to tractography algorithms. On the other hand, artificial neural networks provide a means to learn a mapping from topological properties of the brain to the presence or absence of cognitive decline. The effectiveness of the method is studied on a well-known benchmark data set in order to evaluate if it can provide an automatic tool to support the early disease diagnosis. Also, the effects of balancing issues are investigated to further assess the reliability of the complex network-based approach to DWI data.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/300173
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