The treatment of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients homozygous for the F508del mutation with Orkambi®, a combination of a corrector (lumacaftor) and a potentiator (ivacaftor) of the mutated CFTR protein, resulted in some amelioration of the respiratory function. However, a great variability in the clinical response was also observed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the response to Orkambi® in a small cohort of F508del/F508del patients (n = 14) in terms of clinical and laboratory parameters, including ex vivo CFTR activity in mononuclear cells (MNCs), during a 12-month treatment. Patients responded with an increase in percent predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1%) and body mass index (BMI) as well as with a decrease in white blood cell (WBC) total counts and serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, although not significantly. Sweat chloride and CFTR-dependent chloride effux were found to decrease and increase, respectively, as compared with pre-therapy values. CFTR and BMI showed a statistically significant correlation during Orkambi® treatment. Clustering analysis showed that CFTR, BMI, sweat chloride, FEV1%, and WBC were strongly associated. These data support the notion that CFTR-dependent chloride effux in MNCs should be investigated as a sensitive outcome measure of Orkambi® treatment in CF patients.

Treatment of cystic fibrosis patients homozygous for F508del with lumacaftor-ivacaftor (Orkambi®) restores defective CFTR channel function in circulating mononuclear cells

Favia M.;Guerra L.;Polizzi A. M.;Montemurro P.;Mariggio M. A.;Casavola V.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

The treatment of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients homozygous for the F508del mutation with Orkambi®, a combination of a corrector (lumacaftor) and a potentiator (ivacaftor) of the mutated CFTR protein, resulted in some amelioration of the respiratory function. However, a great variability in the clinical response was also observed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the response to Orkambi® in a small cohort of F508del/F508del patients (n = 14) in terms of clinical and laboratory parameters, including ex vivo CFTR activity in mononuclear cells (MNCs), during a 12-month treatment. Patients responded with an increase in percent predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1%) and body mass index (BMI) as well as with a decrease in white blood cell (WBC) total counts and serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, although not significantly. Sweat chloride and CFTR-dependent chloride effux were found to decrease and increase, respectively, as compared with pre-therapy values. CFTR and BMI showed a statistically significant correlation during Orkambi® treatment. Clustering analysis showed that CFTR, BMI, sweat chloride, FEV1%, and WBC were strongly associated. These data support the notion that CFTR-dependent chloride effux in MNCs should be investigated as a sensitive outcome measure of Orkambi® treatment in CF patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/295252
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