Models have been proposed in literature describing the contraction of visceral and somatic muscles as an interaction between the time-varying elastances of them and the loads they are working against. The aim of this paper is: 1) to make clear similarities between the models of visceral and somatic muscular contraction; 2) to stress the concept that the power transfer from a time-varying elastance to its load is a behaviour, i.e. an interaction between the entire neuromuscular machinery and the surrounding environment; 3) to propose a theory describing the various physiological and pathological behaviours of both visceral and somatic muscles as different ways of coupling between the time-varying muscular elastances and their loads. In this theory it is assumed that the entire neuromuscular machinery acts as a whole to set the most appropriate power transfer to achieve behavioural goals.
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