Purpose: To describe the association of anorectal malformation (ARM) and spinal dysraphism (SD) in terms of impact on the management of SD and embryogenetic implications. Methods: Patients with SD associated with (A) or without (B) ARM were included. The two groups were further divided into operated on (A1/B1) or not (A2/B2) for SD. Groups A and B were compared for type of SD (embryogenetic classification) and prevalence of neurosurgery; Groups A1 vs. A2 for type of ARM (Wingspread classification); Groups A1 vs. B1 for age at neurosurgery, neurophysiology, and clinical symptoms. Main results: One hundred twenty-one patients with SD, 83 with and 38 without ARM were consecutively treated (1999–2015). Group A was associated only with SDs developing after primary neurulation, corresponding to the period of cloacal septation and organogenesis (p = 0.0007). Untethering surgery was significantly less frequent in Group A (p < 0.0001 and p = 0.04, respectively). Higher ARMs were not associated with increased risk for neurosurgery. No other significant differences were detected. Conclusions: In our series, ARMs were associated only with SD developing after primary neurulation, suggesting a single insult leading to both SD and the associated ARM. Neurosurgery is indicated less frequently in patients with ARM-associated SD, despite the similar preoperative clinical features.

Embryological and clinical implications of the association between anorectal malformations and spinal dysraphisms

Messina R.
;
2017

Abstract

Purpose: To describe the association of anorectal malformation (ARM) and spinal dysraphism (SD) in terms of impact on the management of SD and embryogenetic implications. Methods: Patients with SD associated with (A) or without (B) ARM were included. The two groups were further divided into operated on (A1/B1) or not (A2/B2) for SD. Groups A and B were compared for type of SD (embryogenetic classification) and prevalence of neurosurgery; Groups A1 vs. A2 for type of ARM (Wingspread classification); Groups A1 vs. B1 for age at neurosurgery, neurophysiology, and clinical symptoms. Main results: One hundred twenty-one patients with SD, 83 with and 38 without ARM were consecutively treated (1999–2015). Group A was associated only with SDs developing after primary neurulation, corresponding to the period of cloacal septation and organogenesis (p = 0.0007). Untethering surgery was significantly less frequent in Group A (p < 0.0001 and p = 0.04, respectively). Higher ARMs were not associated with increased risk for neurosurgery. No other significant differences were detected. Conclusions: In our series, ARMs were associated only with SD developing after primary neurulation, suggesting a single insult leading to both SD and the associated ARM. Neurosurgery is indicated less frequently in patients with ARM-associated SD, despite the similar preoperative clinical features.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/287442
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