Linking the deformation history of mylonitised continental rocks to the progress of devolatilization reactions that trigger reaction softening is critical for the understanding of crustal scale processes. We have analysed the field geometries and microstructures of deformed rocks within the southern Hercynian belt in Calabria, as well as modelled the pressure–temperature–deformation (P–T–d) trajectory of a main ductile shear zone that tectonically coupled the deeper crustal Mammola Paragneiss Unit with the upper crustal Stilo–Pazzano Phyllite Unit. P–T modelling of the mylonitic Mammola Paragneiss Unit was performed through calculation of phase equilibrium diagrams with the software THERMOCALC in the MnNCKFMASHTO model system. The prograde P–T–d trajectory is based on the zoning profiles of garnet porphyroblasts and their mineral inclusions, primarily barroisite and epidote. P–T modelling shows that peak metamorphic conditions of ~0.9 GPa and 585 °C were reached during a Dn‐1 under‐thrusting event. The following exhumation during the Dn mylonitic event, and contact metamorphism during Dn+1 and Dn+2 folding events, have also been modelled because they are essential to restore the previous tectono‐metamorphic history. The exhumation trajectory was modelled down to 0.3 GPa with temperatures of 440–460 °C, under fluid‐deficient conditions, as well as the final late Carboniferous contact metamorphism up to Tmax of 680–720 °C. The prograde path shows clear evidence for thermal buffering during garnet growth at the expense of chlorite, with a heating‐dominated stage after chlorite breakdown. Subsequently, a rheological change associated with epidote breakdown (i.e., reaction softening) occurred, highlighted by a net steepening of the P/T trajectory toward the pressure peak. On the basis of the barroisite inclusions within garnet porphyroblasts as well as the “hairpin” shape of the reconstructed P–T–d path (before contact metamorphism), we infer that the unusual low T/P gradient for the Hercynian crust exposed in the Mammola Paragneiss Unit records its involvement in the Palaeotethys–Gondwana subduction beneath Laurussia during Dn‐1 under‐thrusting. This happened in a completely new palaeotectonic view along the southern Hercynian belt in Calabria during the Upper Mississippian–Lower Pennsylvanian, according to previous geochronology studies.

Hercynian subduction‐related processes within the metamorphic continental crust in Calabria (southern Italy)

Fabrizio Tursi;Richard Spiess;Vincenzo Festa
;
Rosa Anna Fregola
2020

Abstract

Linking the deformation history of mylonitised continental rocks to the progress of devolatilization reactions that trigger reaction softening is critical for the understanding of crustal scale processes. We have analysed the field geometries and microstructures of deformed rocks within the southern Hercynian belt in Calabria, as well as modelled the pressure–temperature–deformation (P–T–d) trajectory of a main ductile shear zone that tectonically coupled the deeper crustal Mammola Paragneiss Unit with the upper crustal Stilo–Pazzano Phyllite Unit. P–T modelling of the mylonitic Mammola Paragneiss Unit was performed through calculation of phase equilibrium diagrams with the software THERMOCALC in the MnNCKFMASHTO model system. The prograde P–T–d trajectory is based on the zoning profiles of garnet porphyroblasts and their mineral inclusions, primarily barroisite and epidote. P–T modelling shows that peak metamorphic conditions of ~0.9 GPa and 585 °C were reached during a Dn‐1 under‐thrusting event. The following exhumation during the Dn mylonitic event, and contact metamorphism during Dn+1 and Dn+2 folding events, have also been modelled because they are essential to restore the previous tectono‐metamorphic history. The exhumation trajectory was modelled down to 0.3 GPa with temperatures of 440–460 °C, under fluid‐deficient conditions, as well as the final late Carboniferous contact metamorphism up to Tmax of 680–720 °C. The prograde path shows clear evidence for thermal buffering during garnet growth at the expense of chlorite, with a heating‐dominated stage after chlorite breakdown. Subsequently, a rheological change associated with epidote breakdown (i.e., reaction softening) occurred, highlighted by a net steepening of the P/T trajectory toward the pressure peak. On the basis of the barroisite inclusions within garnet porphyroblasts as well as the “hairpin” shape of the reconstructed P–T–d path (before contact metamorphism), we infer that the unusual low T/P gradient for the Hercynian crust exposed in the Mammola Paragneiss Unit records its involvement in the Palaeotethys–Gondwana subduction beneath Laurussia during Dn‐1 under‐thrusting. This happened in a completely new palaeotectonic view along the southern Hercynian belt in Calabria during the Upper Mississippian–Lower Pennsylvanian, according to previous geochronology studies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/282941
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