The term “epigenetic” is used to refer to heritable alterations in chromatin that are not due to changes in DNA sequence. Different growth factors and vascular genes mediate the angiogenic process, which is regulated by epigenetic states of genes. The aim of this article is to analyze the role of epigenetic mechanisms in the control and regulation of tumor angiogenetic processes. The reversibility of epigenetic events in contrast to genetic aberrations makes them potentially suitable for therapeutic intervention. In this context, DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) and HDAC inhibitors indirectly—via the tumor cells—exhibit angiostatic effects in vivo, and inhibition of miRNAs can contribute to the development of novel anti-angiogenesis therapies.

Epigenetic control of tumor angiogenesis

Ribatti D.;Tamma R.
2020

Abstract

The term “epigenetic” is used to refer to heritable alterations in chromatin that are not due to changes in DNA sequence. Different growth factors and vascular genes mediate the angiogenic process, which is regulated by epigenetic states of genes. The aim of this article is to analyze the role of epigenetic mechanisms in the control and regulation of tumor angiogenetic processes. The reversibility of epigenetic events in contrast to genetic aberrations makes them potentially suitable for therapeutic intervention. In this context, DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) and HDAC inhibitors indirectly—via the tumor cells—exhibit angiostatic effects in vivo, and inhibition of miRNAs can contribute to the development of novel anti-angiogenesis therapies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/281973
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