We identify a 175-kDa membrane phosphoprotein (pp175) in rat parotid acini whose properties correlate well with the Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl- cotransporter previously characterized functionally and biochemically in this tissue. pp175 was the only phosphoprotein immunoprecipitated by an anti-Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl- cotransporter antibody and the only membrane protein whose phosphorylation state was conspicuously altered after a brief (45-s) exposure of acini to the beta-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol. Phosphopeptide mapping provided evidence for three phosphorylation sites on pp175, only one of which was labeled in response to isoproterenol treatment. The half-maximal effect of isoproterenol on phosphorylation of pp175 (approximately 20 nM) was in excellent agreement with its previously demonstrated up-regulatory effect on cotransport activity. Increased phosphorylation of pp175 was also seen following acinar treatment with a permeant cAMP analogue and with forskolin, conditions that have likewise been shown to up-regulate the cotransporter. Combined with earlier results from our laboratory, these data provide strong evidence that the up-regulation of the cotransporter by these agents is due to direct phosphorylation mediated by protein kinase A. AlF(-)4 treatment, which results in an up-regulation of cotransport activity comparable with that observed with isoproterenol (approximately 6-fold), caused a similar increase in phosphorylation of pp175. However, hypertonic shrinkage and treatment with the protein phosphatase inhibitor calyculin A, which also up-regulate the cotransporter (approximately 3-fold and approximately 6-fold, respectively) caused no change in the phosphorylation level. Furthermore, although acinar treatment with the muscarinic agonist carbachol results in a dramatic up-regulation of cotransport activity and a concomitant phosphorylation of pp175, no phosphorylation of pp175 was seen with the Ca(2+)-mobilizing agent thapsigargin, which is able to fully mimic the up-regulatory effect of carbachol on transport activity. Taken together, these results indicate that direct phosphorylation is only one of the mechanisms involved in secretagogue-induced regulation of the rat parotid Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl- cotransporter.

Involvement of direct phosphorylation in the regulation of the rat parotid Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl- cotransporter.

RESHKIN, Stephan Joel;
1995

Abstract

We identify a 175-kDa membrane phosphoprotein (pp175) in rat parotid acini whose properties correlate well with the Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl- cotransporter previously characterized functionally and biochemically in this tissue. pp175 was the only phosphoprotein immunoprecipitated by an anti-Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl- cotransporter antibody and the only membrane protein whose phosphorylation state was conspicuously altered after a brief (45-s) exposure of acini to the beta-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol. Phosphopeptide mapping provided evidence for three phosphorylation sites on pp175, only one of which was labeled in response to isoproterenol treatment. The half-maximal effect of isoproterenol on phosphorylation of pp175 (approximately 20 nM) was in excellent agreement with its previously demonstrated up-regulatory effect on cotransport activity. Increased phosphorylation of pp175 was also seen following acinar treatment with a permeant cAMP analogue and with forskolin, conditions that have likewise been shown to up-regulate the cotransporter. Combined with earlier results from our laboratory, these data provide strong evidence that the up-regulation of the cotransporter by these agents is due to direct phosphorylation mediated by protein kinase A. AlF(-)4 treatment, which results in an up-regulation of cotransport activity comparable with that observed with isoproterenol (approximately 6-fold), caused a similar increase in phosphorylation of pp175. However, hypertonic shrinkage and treatment with the protein phosphatase inhibitor calyculin A, which also up-regulate the cotransporter (approximately 3-fold and approximately 6-fold, respectively) caused no change in the phosphorylation level. Furthermore, although acinar treatment with the muscarinic agonist carbachol results in a dramatic up-regulation of cotransport activity and a concomitant phosphorylation of pp175, no phosphorylation of pp175 was seen with the Ca(2+)-mobilizing agent thapsigargin, which is able to fully mimic the up-regulatory effect of carbachol on transport activity. Taken together, these results indicate that direct phosphorylation is only one of the mechanisms involved in secretagogue-induced regulation of the rat parotid Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl- cotransporter.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/26805
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