We reconstructed changes in productivity and surface/subsurface and deep-water dynamics in the Western Mediterranean through a multi-proxy study of Ocean Drilling Program Site 975 between late Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 20 and early interglacial MIS 19. Our high-resolution study (down to ~200-year resolution) combines calcareous plankton assemblages (coccolithophores and foraminifera), biomarkers (C37-alkenones, n-alkanes, n-alcohols) and elemental proxies (total organic carbon, total nitrogen, calcium carbonate). Surface water conditions are derived (i) from high-resolution δ18O and δ13C records obtained from the planktonic foraminifer Globigerina bulloides, and (ii) from summer and winter, foraminifera-based sea surface temperature reconstructions (SSTJAS-foram, SSTJFM-foram) achieved through transfer function. The integration of the whole dataset makes it possible to identify in the Balearic Sea, and to accurately characterize for the first time, an Organic Rich Layer (ORL) during latest MIS 20-early MIS 19, close to i-cycle 74. Its presence is marked firstly by higher values of total nitrogen (TN) and an increase of total C37-alkenone and total organic carbon (TOC) preserved in the sediments. The multi-proxy approach reveals that the deglacial phase played a prominent role for ORL formation that was characterized by centennial scale phases. The alcohol preservation index (API) suggests that the shoaling of the circulation, which boosted marine productivity, started in the deglaciation and, in combination with freshening by Atlantic water inflow/riverine input and surface water buoyancy during sea level rising, culminated during the ORL event. At this time calcareous plankton proliferated on subsurface-surface waters, benefiting from ameliorating conditions, which promoted maximum marine productivity and higher organic matter preservation on the seafloor.

Surface and deep water variability in the Western Mediterranean (ODP Site 975) during insolation cycle 74: High-resolution calcareous plankton and molecular biomarker signals

Quivelli O.;Marino M.;Girone A.;Maiorano P.;
2020

Abstract

We reconstructed changes in productivity and surface/subsurface and deep-water dynamics in the Western Mediterranean through a multi-proxy study of Ocean Drilling Program Site 975 between late Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 20 and early interglacial MIS 19. Our high-resolution study (down to ~200-year resolution) combines calcareous plankton assemblages (coccolithophores and foraminifera), biomarkers (C37-alkenones, n-alkanes, n-alcohols) and elemental proxies (total organic carbon, total nitrogen, calcium carbonate). Surface water conditions are derived (i) from high-resolution δ18O and δ13C records obtained from the planktonic foraminifer Globigerina bulloides, and (ii) from summer and winter, foraminifera-based sea surface temperature reconstructions (SSTJAS-foram, SSTJFM-foram) achieved through transfer function. The integration of the whole dataset makes it possible to identify in the Balearic Sea, and to accurately characterize for the first time, an Organic Rich Layer (ORL) during latest MIS 20-early MIS 19, close to i-cycle 74. Its presence is marked firstly by higher values of total nitrogen (TN) and an increase of total C37-alkenone and total organic carbon (TOC) preserved in the sediments. The multi-proxy approach reveals that the deglacial phase played a prominent role for ORL formation that was characterized by centennial scale phases. The alcohol preservation index (API) suggests that the shoaling of the circulation, which boosted marine productivity, started in the deglaciation and, in combination with freshening by Atlantic water inflow/riverine input and surface water buoyancy during sea level rising, culminated during the ORL event. At this time calcareous plankton proliferated on subsurface-surface waters, benefiting from ameliorating conditions, which promoted maximum marine productivity and higher organic matter preservation on the seafloor.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/267173
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