On the basis of experiment and theory, a general paradigm is drawn that reconsiders N 2 not simply being an inert species but rather an effective healing gas molecule if entering a methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI 3 ) layer. Nitrogen is soaked into polycrystalline MAPbI 3 via a postdeposition mild thermal treatment under slightly overpressure conditions to promote its diffusion across the whole layer. A significant reduction of radiative recombination and a concurrent increase of light absorption, with a maximum benefit at 80 °C, are observed. Concomitantly, the current of holes drawn from the surfaces with nanometer resolution through a biased tip is raised by a factor of 3 under N 2 . This is framed by a reduction of the barrier for carrier extraction. The achieved improvements are linked to a nitrogen-assisted recovery of intrinsic lattice disorder at the grain shells along with a simultaneous stabilization of undercoordinated Pb 2+ and MA + cations through weak electrostatic interactions. Defect mitigation under N 2 is reinforced in comparison to the benchmark behavior under argon. It is additionally unveiled that surface stabilization through N 2 is morphology-independent and thus can be applied after any preparation procedure. Such simple and low-cost strategy can complement other stabilizing solutions for perovskite solar cells or light-emitting diode engineering.

Nitrogen Soaking Promotes Lattice Recovery in Polycrystalline Hybrid Perovskites

Listorti A.;
2019

Abstract

On the basis of experiment and theory, a general paradigm is drawn that reconsiders N 2 not simply being an inert species but rather an effective healing gas molecule if entering a methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI 3 ) layer. Nitrogen is soaked into polycrystalline MAPbI 3 via a postdeposition mild thermal treatment under slightly overpressure conditions to promote its diffusion across the whole layer. A significant reduction of radiative recombination and a concurrent increase of light absorption, with a maximum benefit at 80 °C, are observed. Concomitantly, the current of holes drawn from the surfaces with nanometer resolution through a biased tip is raised by a factor of 3 under N 2 . This is framed by a reduction of the barrier for carrier extraction. The achieved improvements are linked to a nitrogen-assisted recovery of intrinsic lattice disorder at the grain shells along with a simultaneous stabilization of undercoordinated Pb 2+ and MA + cations through weak electrostatic interactions. Defect mitigation under N 2 is reinforced in comparison to the benchmark behavior under argon. It is additionally unveiled that surface stabilization through N 2 is morphology-independent and thus can be applied after any preparation procedure. Such simple and low-cost strategy can complement other stabilizing solutions for perovskite solar cells or light-emitting diode engineering.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/261764
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