In this paper, we present results of the reconstruction of the total grain size distribution (TGSD) of the material erupted during explosive volcanic eruptions at Campi Flegrei (Italy) considering all components (juvenile, lithic and crystal clasts). To date, the few TGSDs made available have been mostly reconstructed by assuming that the tephra deposits consisted of only one component. This simplification can introduce substantial bias in the interpretation of magma fragmentation mechanisms and significantly affect ash dispersion forecasts, since each tephra component has specific aerodynamic characteristics. By means of field investigations and laboratory analyses on samples collected from deposits of the Agnano-Monte Spina and Astroni eruptions, we reconstructed the TGSDs of juvenile, lithic and crystal components via the Voronoi tessellation method. Our results show how the systematic reconstruction of a TGSD, from the component-specific to the bulk TGSD, can provide important information on magma fragmentation mechanisms and wall-rock erosion processes. Results confirm that the bulk TGSD is the combination of the merging of different component subpopulations, according to their own TGSD, density and relative mass proportions. In addition, the integration of component analysis, TGSD and settling velocity data allowed characterization of the aerodynamic behaviour of each component at variable distances from the vent, which can be related to their own parent grain size distribution. The integration of new data from distal tephra deposits for the considered eruptions has thus allowed a reassessment of the erupted volumes of eruptions considered in this research, which are now 3.17 and 0.63 km3, for Agnano-Monte Spina and Astroni, respectively.

Total grain size distribution of components of fallout deposits and implications for magma fragmentation mechanisms: examples from Campi Flegrei caldera (Italy)

Mele Daniela;Dellino Pierfrancesco;Sulpizio Roberto;
2020

Abstract

In this paper, we present results of the reconstruction of the total grain size distribution (TGSD) of the material erupted during explosive volcanic eruptions at Campi Flegrei (Italy) considering all components (juvenile, lithic and crystal clasts). To date, the few TGSDs made available have been mostly reconstructed by assuming that the tephra deposits consisted of only one component. This simplification can introduce substantial bias in the interpretation of magma fragmentation mechanisms and significantly affect ash dispersion forecasts, since each tephra component has specific aerodynamic characteristics. By means of field investigations and laboratory analyses on samples collected from deposits of the Agnano-Monte Spina and Astroni eruptions, we reconstructed the TGSDs of juvenile, lithic and crystal components via the Voronoi tessellation method. Our results show how the systematic reconstruction of a TGSD, from the component-specific to the bulk TGSD, can provide important information on magma fragmentation mechanisms and wall-rock erosion processes. Results confirm that the bulk TGSD is the combination of the merging of different component subpopulations, according to their own TGSD, density and relative mass proportions. In addition, the integration of component analysis, TGSD and settling velocity data allowed characterization of the aerodynamic behaviour of each component at variable distances from the vent, which can be related to their own parent grain size distribution. The integration of new data from distal tephra deposits for the considered eruptions has thus allowed a reassessment of the erupted volumes of eruptions considered in this research, which are now 3.17 and 0.63 km3, for Agnano-Monte Spina and Astroni, respectively.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/258543
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