Background: Despite the high closure rate of large macular hole (LMH) after surgery, visual recovery is often worse than expected. Microperimetric biofeedback can improve visual function in macular pathologies. We evaluated the efficacy of biofeedback on macular function after successful inverted flap technique for LMH. Methods: In this prospective comparative study, 26 patients after LMH surgical closure were enrolled. The whole sample was equally divided into two groups. In Group 1 (trained), patients underwent a double cycle of microperimetric biofeedback, using structured light stimulus plus acoustic tone; in Group 2 (control), patients underwent scheduled visits. We analyzed visual acuity, retinal sensitivity at central 12° (macular sensitivity, MS) and 4° (central macular sensitivity, CMS), and fixation stability over twelve months. Results: Visual acuity improved mainly in the trained group, without any significant differences between the groups (p > 0.05). Only after training did MS significantly improve (p = 0.01). CMS more significantly improved in the trained (p < 0.001) than the control group (p < 0.01) (Group 1 vs. 2, p = 0.004). Only in the trained group did fixation significantly improve (3 months, p ≤ 0.03; 12 months, p ≤ 0.01). An equality test on matched data confirmed a greater significant improvement of CMS (p ≤ 0.02) at all follow-up and fixation (p ≤ 0.02) at last follow-up after training. Conclusion: Microperimetric biofeedback consolidates and increases the improvement of retinal sensitivity and fixation gained after successful inverted flap technique.

Microperimetric Biofeedback Training after Successful Inverted Flap Technique for Large Macular Hole

Albano, Valeria;Sborgia, Luigi;Pastore, Valentina;Giuliani, Gianluigi;Boscia, Francesco;Alessio, Giovanni
2020

Abstract

Background: Despite the high closure rate of large macular hole (LMH) after surgery, visual recovery is often worse than expected. Microperimetric biofeedback can improve visual function in macular pathologies. We evaluated the efficacy of biofeedback on macular function after successful inverted flap technique for LMH. Methods: In this prospective comparative study, 26 patients after LMH surgical closure were enrolled. The whole sample was equally divided into two groups. In Group 1 (trained), patients underwent a double cycle of microperimetric biofeedback, using structured light stimulus plus acoustic tone; in Group 2 (control), patients underwent scheduled visits. We analyzed visual acuity, retinal sensitivity at central 12° (macular sensitivity, MS) and 4° (central macular sensitivity, CMS), and fixation stability over twelve months. Results: Visual acuity improved mainly in the trained group, without any significant differences between the groups (p > 0.05). Only after training did MS significantly improve (p = 0.01). CMS more significantly improved in the trained (p < 0.001) than the control group (p < 0.01) (Group 1 vs. 2, p = 0.004). Only in the trained group did fixation significantly improve (3 months, p ≤ 0.03; 12 months, p ≤ 0.01). An equality test on matched data confirmed a greater significant improvement of CMS (p ≤ 0.02) at all follow-up and fixation (p ≤ 0.02) at last follow-up after training. Conclusion: Microperimetric biofeedback consolidates and increases the improvement of retinal sensitivity and fixation gained after successful inverted flap technique.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/257312
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