Background and aim: In 2017, 3.700 Italian prisoners between 60-69 years old were counted, while 776 had an age 70 years. This article aimed to analyse the socio-demographic characteristics and types of crimes committed by elderly subjects restricted in different Italian prisons. Method: A survey has been conducted in 8 penitentiary institutes: 4 located in Lombardy, and 4 in Apulia. The participation was anonymous and voluntary. By using a standardised format, age, gender, nationality, marital status, last occupation, type of crime, and duration of the punishment were assessed. In the case of previous convictions, additional data were also collected. All records were analysed as aggregates to guarantee the privacy preservation. Results: The population was mainly represented by males (93.6%), married or living with a partner (46.8%). The most prevalent crimes committed by the elderly belong to the category against the property (33.1%) followed soon after by those against the person (27.7%), other crime (14%), drug-related crimes (13.8%), and mafia-type crimes (11.7%). The Southern inmates were more frequently responsible for crimes against the person (38%), while property crimes (61%) were more recurrent in the Northern inmates. Sixty-four prisoners (68.8%) were found already guilty for other crimes in the past. The Northern inmates were more frequently recidivist, with a higher number of previous convictions (p=0.010) and detentions (p=0.012) compared to the Southern prisoners. Conclusions: Committing crimes in elderly age is strongly different from being a criminal in young or adult age, probably explaining the high level of recidivism.
|Titolo:||A multicentre survey on the sociodemographic characteristics of Italian elderly inmates|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|