The research on meteorites from hot and cold deserts is gaining advantages from the recent improvements of portable technologies such as X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF). The main advantages of portable instruments include the fast recognition of meteorites through their classification in macro-groups and discrimination from materials such as industrial slags, desert varnish covered rocks and iron oxides, named “meteor-wrongs”. In this study, 18 meteorite samples of different nature and origin were discriminated and preliminarily classified into characteristic macro-groups: iron meteorites, stony meteorites and meteor-wrongs, combining a portable energy dispersive XRF instrument (pED-XRF), principal component analysis (PCA) and some machine learning algorithms applied to the XRF spectra. The results showed that 100% accuracy in sample classification was obtained by applying the cubic support vector machine (CSVM), fine kernel nearest neighbor (FKNN), subspace discriminant-ensemble classifiers (SD-EC) and subspace discriminant KNN-EC (SKNN-EC) algorithms on standardized spectra.

Macro-classification of meteorites by portable energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (pED-XRF), principal component analysis (PCA) and machine learning algorithms

Allegretta I.;Porfido C.;Terzano R.;
2020

Abstract

The research on meteorites from hot and cold deserts is gaining advantages from the recent improvements of portable technologies such as X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF). The main advantages of portable instruments include the fast recognition of meteorites through their classification in macro-groups and discrimination from materials such as industrial slags, desert varnish covered rocks and iron oxides, named “meteor-wrongs”. In this study, 18 meteorite samples of different nature and origin were discriminated and preliminarily classified into characteristic macro-groups: iron meteorites, stony meteorites and meteor-wrongs, combining a portable energy dispersive XRF instrument (pED-XRF), principal component analysis (PCA) and some machine learning algorithms applied to the XRF spectra. The results showed that 100% accuracy in sample classification was obtained by applying the cubic support vector machine (CSVM), fine kernel nearest neighbor (FKNN), subspace discriminant-ensemble classifiers (SD-EC) and subspace discriminant KNN-EC (SKNN-EC) algorithms on standardized spectra.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/257185
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