This paper analyses György Lukács’ interpretation of the concept of ‘class consciousness’ in the light of Slavoj Žižek’s reflections on ‘class struggle’. Against the widespread assumption that Western societies have entered in a ‘post-political’ era, this paper aims to highlight how the conflict between labour and capital is still relevant to understand the contemporary dynamics of globalized capitalism. Class struggle, it is argued, is inherent to the modern capitalist world. The process of acquisition of class consciousness by the proletariat, an essential element of class struggle, is however constantly hindered by hegemonic classes through the smokescreen of populism. Thus, Žižek’s approach to ‘class struggle’ is discussed as a potentially successful means to the construction of a new revolutionary subject.

CONCIENCIA Y LUCHA DE CLASES ENTRE LUKÁCS Y ŽIŽEK CLASS CONSCIOUSNESS AND CLASS STRUGGLE IN LUKÁCS AND ŽIŽEK

Giuseppe, Cascione
2019

Abstract

This paper analyses György Lukács’ interpretation of the concept of ‘class consciousness’ in the light of Slavoj Žižek’s reflections on ‘class struggle’. Against the widespread assumption that Western societies have entered in a ‘post-political’ era, this paper aims to highlight how the conflict between labour and capital is still relevant to understand the contemporary dynamics of globalized capitalism. Class struggle, it is argued, is inherent to the modern capitalist world. The process of acquisition of class consciousness by the proletariat, an essential element of class struggle, is however constantly hindered by hegemonic classes through the smokescreen of populism. Thus, Žižek’s approach to ‘class struggle’ is discussed as a potentially successful means to the construction of a new revolutionary subject.
Este artículo analiza el concepto de conciencia de clase de György Lukács a la luz de las reflexiones elaboradas por Slavoj Žižek sobre la lucha de clases. En contra de la opinión generalizada de que las sociedades occidentales han entrado en una era postpolítica, el objetivo de este artículo es poner de manifiesto que el conflicto entre trabajo ycapital sigue siendo relevante para entender las dinámicas contemporáneas del capitalismo globalizado. Para ello, se argumenta que la lucha de clase es inherente al mundo capitalista moderno. El proceso de toma de conciencia de clase por parte del proletariado, elemento imprescindible de la lucha de clase, se ve sin embargo constantemente obstaculizado por las clases hegemónicas a través de la cortina de humo del populismo. Por último, la teoría de Žižek sobre el concepto de lucha de clases se contempla como un constructo potencialmente eficaz para la construcción de un nuevo sujeto revolucionario.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/256773
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