With the advent of next-generation sequencing in genetic testing, predicting the pathogenicity of missense variants represents a major challenge potentially leading to misdiagnoses in the clinical setting. In neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), where clinical criteria for diagnosis may not be fully present until late infancy, correct assessment of variant pathogenicity is fundamental for appropriate patients’ management. Methods: Here, we analyzed three different computational methods, VEST3, REVEL and ClinPred, and after extracting predictions scores for 1585 NF1 missense variants listed in ClinVar, evaluated their performances and the score distribution throughout the neurofibromin protein. Results: For all the three methods, no significant differences were present between the scores of “likely benign”, “benign”, and “likely pathogenic”, “pathogenic” variants that were consequently collapsed into a single category. The cutoff values for pathogenicity were significantly different for the three methods and among benign and pathogenic variants for all methods. After training five different models with a subset of benign and pathogenic variants, we could reclassify variants in three sharply separated categories. Conclusions: The recently developed metapredictors, which integrate information from multiple components, after gene-specific fine-tuning, could represent useful tools for variant interpretation, particularly in genetic diseases where a clinical diagnosis can be difficult.

In-silico analysis of NF1 missense variants in clinvar: Translating variant predictions into variant interpretation and classification

Accetturo M.;Bartolomeo N.;Stella A.
2020

Abstract

With the advent of next-generation sequencing in genetic testing, predicting the pathogenicity of missense variants represents a major challenge potentially leading to misdiagnoses in the clinical setting. In neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), where clinical criteria for diagnosis may not be fully present until late infancy, correct assessment of variant pathogenicity is fundamental for appropriate patients’ management. Methods: Here, we analyzed three different computational methods, VEST3, REVEL and ClinPred, and after extracting predictions scores for 1585 NF1 missense variants listed in ClinVar, evaluated their performances and the score distribution throughout the neurofibromin protein. Results: For all the three methods, no significant differences were present between the scores of “likely benign”, “benign”, and “likely pathogenic”, “pathogenic” variants that were consequently collapsed into a single category. The cutoff values for pathogenicity were significantly different for the three methods and among benign and pathogenic variants for all methods. After training five different models with a subset of benign and pathogenic variants, we could reclassify variants in three sharply separated categories. Conclusions: The recently developed metapredictors, which integrate information from multiple components, after gene-specific fine-tuning, could represent useful tools for variant interpretation, particularly in genetic diseases where a clinical diagnosis can be difficult.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/256521
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