Evidence for high-P blueschist-facies metamorphism was found in metabasites embedded in calcschists of Eastern Elba Island (Northern Apennines, Italy). Study of immobile trace elements (REEs and HFSEs) in the metabasites indicates an affinity with T- and E-MORBs, and they are interpreted as sill or dykes intruded in thewestern margin of the Adria continental plate. The minerals are heterogeneously distributed in the rock, constituting mafic and Ca-Al-rich microdomains inherited respectively from the magmatic pyroxene- and plagioclase-rich zones of the original doleritic rock. The peak pressure paragenesis consisted of lawsonite, aegirine-omphacite, glaucophane and chlorite. Former rhombic prisms of lawsonite have been replaced by pseudomorphic clinozoisite (0.1mm in size) with inclusions of Ms. ± Ab ± Qz. The inclusions are preferentially oriented parallel to one of the diagonals of the basal rhombic sections, indicating that the two diagonals were not crystallographically equivalent. This implies that the protocrystals were orthorhombic prisms with {110} faces, which is the case of lawsonite. The different compositions shown by white mica and epidote in the pseudomorphs (muscovite and Fe3+-poor clinozoisite) and in the matrix (phengite and Fe3+-rich epidote) also suggest the former presence of Mg- and Fe-poor lawsonite in these rocks. Thermodynamic modelling, using the THERMOCALC software and dataset, suggests that metabasites experienced a clockwise P-T path from the lawsonite-blueschist to epidote-blueschist subfacies, down to greenschist facies. The estimated peak pressure conditions are P ≥ 1.6 GPa and 450 b T b 500 °C. Glaucophane grewmainly during the lawsonite-to-epidote transition and is dated at 19.8±1.4Ma by the 40Ar/39Ar method. This evolution is interpreted in terms: (i) intrusion of basic magmas in carbonatic and pelitic sediments (post-late Cretaceous, pre-Oligocene), (ii) subduction (Oligocene), (iii) collision (early Miocene: 19.8 ± 1.4 Ma), (iv) exhumation and granite intrusion (middle-late Miocene), favored by extensional tectonics. We underline that the eastern part of Elba Island belongs to a blueschist-facies belt that extends from Gorgona Island, in the northwest, to Argentario and Giglio Island in the southeast, so many of the conclusions of this study can be extended to the whole of this belt.

The lawsonite-glaucophane blueschists of Elba Island (Italy)

Bianco C.;Brogi A.;Liotta D.;Caggianelli A.
2019

Abstract

Evidence for high-P blueschist-facies metamorphism was found in metabasites embedded in calcschists of Eastern Elba Island (Northern Apennines, Italy). Study of immobile trace elements (REEs and HFSEs) in the metabasites indicates an affinity with T- and E-MORBs, and they are interpreted as sill or dykes intruded in thewestern margin of the Adria continental plate. The minerals are heterogeneously distributed in the rock, constituting mafic and Ca-Al-rich microdomains inherited respectively from the magmatic pyroxene- and plagioclase-rich zones of the original doleritic rock. The peak pressure paragenesis consisted of lawsonite, aegirine-omphacite, glaucophane and chlorite. Former rhombic prisms of lawsonite have been replaced by pseudomorphic clinozoisite (0.1mm in size) with inclusions of Ms. ± Ab ± Qz. The inclusions are preferentially oriented parallel to one of the diagonals of the basal rhombic sections, indicating that the two diagonals were not crystallographically equivalent. This implies that the protocrystals were orthorhombic prisms with {110} faces, which is the case of lawsonite. The different compositions shown by white mica and epidote in the pseudomorphs (muscovite and Fe3+-poor clinozoisite) and in the matrix (phengite and Fe3+-rich epidote) also suggest the former presence of Mg- and Fe-poor lawsonite in these rocks. Thermodynamic modelling, using the THERMOCALC software and dataset, suggests that metabasites experienced a clockwise P-T path from the lawsonite-blueschist to epidote-blueschist subfacies, down to greenschist facies. The estimated peak pressure conditions are P ≥ 1.6 GPa and 450 b T b 500 °C. Glaucophane grewmainly during the lawsonite-to-epidote transition and is dated at 19.8±1.4Ma by the 40Ar/39Ar method. This evolution is interpreted in terms: (i) intrusion of basic magmas in carbonatic and pelitic sediments (post-late Cretaceous, pre-Oligocene), (ii) subduction (Oligocene), (iii) collision (early Miocene: 19.8 ± 1.4 Ma), (iv) exhumation and granite intrusion (middle-late Miocene), favored by extensional tectonics. We underline that the eastern part of Elba Island belongs to a blueschist-facies belt that extends from Gorgona Island, in the northwest, to Argentario and Giglio Island in the southeast, so many of the conclusions of this study can be extended to the whole of this belt.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Bianco et al. 2019BIS.pdf

non disponibili

Descrizione: Articolo
Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 1.28 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.28 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/249116
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 21
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 22
social impact