Objectives To evaluate changes in the use of antipsychotics and medications with anticholinergic activity (MACs) during hospitalization in older adults with dementia and factors associated with antipsychotic prescriptions and increased anticholinergic burden (ACB). Methods and design This retrospective cohort study included all patients aged 65 years or older with a discharge diagnosis of dementia hospitalized at the university hospital of Udine, Italy, from 2012 to 2014. Medications dispensed within 3 months before and after hospitalization were identified in community-pharmacy dispensations while those prescribed at discharge were collected from Hospital Electronic Medical Records (EMR). ACB was assessed using the Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden score. Results Among 1908 patients included, at discharge, 37.0% used one or more antipsychotic (9.4% before and 12.6% after hospitalization), 68.6% used one or more MAC (49.1% and 45.7%, respectively), and ACB of 38.4% of patients increased at discharge mainly because of a higher use of antipsychotics with anticholinergic activity (33% at discharge vs 12% before hospitalization). Prescription of antipsychotics at discharge was associated with prior treatment with antipsychotics (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 4.85; 95%CI, 3.37-6.97), psychiatric conditions, (4.39; 3.47-5.54) and discharge from surgical department (2.17; 1.32-3.55). An increased ACB was associated with psychiatric conditions (1.91; 1.52-2.39), discharge from surgical (1.75; 1.09-2.80) or medical department (1.50; 1.04-2.17), and with cardiac insufficiency (1.41; 1.00-1.99). Conclusions ACB was higher at discharge, and antipsychotics were the main drivers of this increase. Clinicians treating older adults with dementia should be aware of the risks associated with antipsychotics and that some of these medications may increase the risk of anticholinergic effects.

Anticholinergic burden before and after hospitalization in older adults with dementia: Increase due to antipsychotic medications

Logroscino G.;
2019

Abstract

Objectives To evaluate changes in the use of antipsychotics and medications with anticholinergic activity (MACs) during hospitalization in older adults with dementia and factors associated with antipsychotic prescriptions and increased anticholinergic burden (ACB). Methods and design This retrospective cohort study included all patients aged 65 years or older with a discharge diagnosis of dementia hospitalized at the university hospital of Udine, Italy, from 2012 to 2014. Medications dispensed within 3 months before and after hospitalization were identified in community-pharmacy dispensations while those prescribed at discharge were collected from Hospital Electronic Medical Records (EMR). ACB was assessed using the Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden score. Results Among 1908 patients included, at discharge, 37.0% used one or more antipsychotic (9.4% before and 12.6% after hospitalization), 68.6% used one or more MAC (49.1% and 45.7%, respectively), and ACB of 38.4% of patients increased at discharge mainly because of a higher use of antipsychotics with anticholinergic activity (33% at discharge vs 12% before hospitalization). Prescription of antipsychotics at discharge was associated with prior treatment with antipsychotics (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 4.85; 95%CI, 3.37-6.97), psychiatric conditions, (4.39; 3.47-5.54) and discharge from surgical department (2.17; 1.32-3.55). An increased ACB was associated with psychiatric conditions (1.91; 1.52-2.39), discharge from surgical (1.75; 1.09-2.80) or medical department (1.50; 1.04-2.17), and with cardiac insufficiency (1.41; 1.00-1.99). Conclusions ACB was higher at discharge, and antipsychotics were the main drivers of this increase. Clinicians treating older adults with dementia should be aware of the risks associated with antipsychotics and that some of these medications may increase the risk of anticholinergic effects.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/248310
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