Green fac¸ades are passive living technologies applied to buildings. They produce many advantages for human wellbeing, building performance, and city environments. Knowledge of the energy behaviour of green fac¸ade systems is needed to inform their best design and application, and to define their energy performances. Heat and mass exchanges between the system and the surrounding environment must be determined. In this paper, the schematisation of the green fac¸ade system into layers and the energy balance approach are proposed. This study focuses on the analysis of the convective heat transfer occurring between the plant layer and the external air. It is difficult to realistically describe this mechanism and many approaches in the literature were considered. Six different formulae were evaluated. Mathematical modelling and empirical data were both used. Once it was discovered that forced convection was the prevailing convective type, selected formulae were applied to the data, which were collected from an experimental green fac¸ade at the University of Bari. Based on the energy balance of the plant layer, a comparison between the calculated and measured values was carried out. Qualitative and quantitative statistical methods were used to assess the goodness-of-fit of the considered convective models. These analyses suggest the least and the most suitable approaches for convective heat transfer evaluation. The empirical equation of Morrison and Barfield and an adaptation to green fac¸ades of Deardorff model showed the best agreement. This study could be extended in order to write codes for building energy simulation software.

Convective heat transfer in green façade system

Convertino F.;Vox G.;Schettini E.
2019

Abstract

Green fac¸ades are passive living technologies applied to buildings. They produce many advantages for human wellbeing, building performance, and city environments. Knowledge of the energy behaviour of green fac¸ade systems is needed to inform their best design and application, and to define their energy performances. Heat and mass exchanges between the system and the surrounding environment must be determined. In this paper, the schematisation of the green fac¸ade system into layers and the energy balance approach are proposed. This study focuses on the analysis of the convective heat transfer occurring between the plant layer and the external air. It is difficult to realistically describe this mechanism and many approaches in the literature were considered. Six different formulae were evaluated. Mathematical modelling and empirical data were both used. Once it was discovered that forced convection was the prevailing convective type, selected formulae were applied to the data, which were collected from an experimental green fac¸ade at the University of Bari. Based on the energy balance of the plant layer, a comparison between the calculated and measured values was carried out. Qualitative and quantitative statistical methods were used to assess the goodness-of-fit of the considered convective models. These analyses suggest the least and the most suitable approaches for convective heat transfer evaluation. The empirical equation of Morrison and Barfield and an adaptation to green fac¸ades of Deardorff model showed the best agreement. This study could be extended in order to write codes for building energy simulation software.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/248058
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