Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a life-threatening genetic disorder and has multiple complications including, infection, pain, intracranial aneurysm and kidney failure leading to significantly impaired quality of life and reduced survival. These outcomes are well described, but patient perspectives and experiences of living with ADPKD are under-recognized.MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO and CINAHL were searched to August 2014. Studies were analyzed using thematic synthesis.From 21 studies (n = 247), we derived five themes: unvalidated pain (medical trivialization, inadequacy of pain management); persisting uncertainties and ambiguities (lacking diagnostic clarity, disempowerment in self-care, unpredictable daily disruptions, inability to plan ahead, financial discrimination); genetic guilt and resentment (blaming parents, self-blame, constant burden of guilt); precariousness in pursuing parenthood (prognostic uncertainty, owning the decision, needing directive counselling); and defining parental responsibility for genetic testing and disclosure (preserving normality, doubting necessity of genetic testing, respecting the child's autonomy and hope in future technologies, facilitating preparedness).The erratic onset of pain contributes to the substantial unpredictability of daily living and prevents patients from establishing long-term life goals. Decisions about family planning, genetic testing of children and disclosure involves making profoundly difficult judgments about ethical parental responsibility. Patient engagement in pain management, strategies for self-care, counselling to reduce the burden of 'genetic guilt' and specific family planning decision support tools may be priorities for care to improve patient-centred outcomes in ADPKD.

A painful inheritance - Patient perspectives on living with polycystic kidney disease: Thematic synthesis of qualitative research

Strippoli G.;
2015

Abstract

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a life-threatening genetic disorder and has multiple complications including, infection, pain, intracranial aneurysm and kidney failure leading to significantly impaired quality of life and reduced survival. These outcomes are well described, but patient perspectives and experiences of living with ADPKD are under-recognized.MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO and CINAHL were searched to August 2014. Studies were analyzed using thematic synthesis.From 21 studies (n = 247), we derived five themes: unvalidated pain (medical trivialization, inadequacy of pain management); persisting uncertainties and ambiguities (lacking diagnostic clarity, disempowerment in self-care, unpredictable daily disruptions, inability to plan ahead, financial discrimination); genetic guilt and resentment (blaming parents, self-blame, constant burden of guilt); precariousness in pursuing parenthood (prognostic uncertainty, owning the decision, needing directive counselling); and defining parental responsibility for genetic testing and disclosure (preserving normality, doubting necessity of genetic testing, respecting the child's autonomy and hope in future technologies, facilitating preparedness).The erratic onset of pain contributes to the substantial unpredictability of daily living and prevents patients from establishing long-term life goals. Decisions about family planning, genetic testing of children and disclosure involves making profoundly difficult judgments about ethical parental responsibility. Patient engagement in pain management, strategies for self-care, counselling to reduce the burden of 'genetic guilt' and specific family planning decision support tools may be priorities for care to improve patient-centred outcomes in ADPKD.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/243516
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