Purpose of review Cardiovascular disease accounts for the majority of deaths in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Dyslipidemia is a well established cardiovascular risk factor. We summarize key aspects of available evidence relating to beneficial effects of statins in nondialysis-dependent CKD, dialysis-dependent CKD and renal transplant recipients. Recent findings Previous trials and their meta-analyses suggested that statins reduce lipid levels, the risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in nondialysis-dependent CKD. The Study of Heart and Renal Protection (SHARP) study that enrolled both dialysis-dependent and nondialysis-dependent CKD patients showed a 17% decrease in major atherosclerotic events with statins or ezetimibe. Similar cardiovascular benefits are observed in renal transplant recipients. However, such positive effects were not found in two recent clinical trials that enrolled hemodialysis patients alone. This lack of benefit might be attributed to differences in the cause of cardiovascular death seen in dialysis patients and smaller sample size. The overall benefits-harms tradeoff may benefit from meta-analysis and individual patient data meta-analysis in hemodialysis patients including the SHARP data. Summary Nondialysis-dependent CKD patients and renal transplant recipients benefit from statins. Statins have also been found to be beneficial in one of the three large trials in hemodialysis patients, a matter which may be further explored.

Role of statins in preventing adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease

Strippoli G
2011

Abstract

Purpose of review Cardiovascular disease accounts for the majority of deaths in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Dyslipidemia is a well established cardiovascular risk factor. We summarize key aspects of available evidence relating to beneficial effects of statins in nondialysis-dependent CKD, dialysis-dependent CKD and renal transplant recipients. Recent findings Previous trials and their meta-analyses suggested that statins reduce lipid levels, the risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in nondialysis-dependent CKD. The Study of Heart and Renal Protection (SHARP) study that enrolled both dialysis-dependent and nondialysis-dependent CKD patients showed a 17% decrease in major atherosclerotic events with statins or ezetimibe. Similar cardiovascular benefits are observed in renal transplant recipients. However, such positive effects were not found in two recent clinical trials that enrolled hemodialysis patients alone. This lack of benefit might be attributed to differences in the cause of cardiovascular death seen in dialysis patients and smaller sample size. The overall benefits-harms tradeoff may benefit from meta-analysis and individual patient data meta-analysis in hemodialysis patients including the SHARP data. Summary Nondialysis-dependent CKD patients and renal transplant recipients benefit from statins. Statins have also been found to be beneficial in one of the three large trials in hemodialysis patients, a matter which may be further explored.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/242813
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