DNA damage and the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are key mechanisms of apoptotic cell death by commonly used genotoxic drugs. However, the complex cellular response to these pharmacologic agents remains yet to be fully characterized. Several studies have described the role of transcription factor octamer-1 (Oct-1)/Pit-1, Oct-1/2, and Unc-86 shared domain class 2 homeobox 1 (POU2F1) in the regulation of the genes important for cellular response to genotoxic stress. Evaluating the possible involvement of other POU family transcription factors in these pathways, we revealed the inducible expression of Oct-6/POU3F1, a regulator of neural morphogenesis and epidermal differentiation, in cancer cells by genotoxic drugs. The induction of Oct-6 occurs at the transcriptional level via reactive oxygen species (ROS) and ataxia telangiectasia mutated-and Rad3-related (ATR)-dependent mechanisms, but in a p53 independent manner. Moreover, we provide evidence that Oct-6 may play a role in the regulation of cellular response to DNA damaging agents. Indeed, by using the shRNA approach, we demonstrate that in doxorubicin-treated H460 non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cells, Oct-6 depletion leads to a reduced G2-cell cycle arrest and senescence, but also to increased levels of intracellular ROS and DNA damage. In addition, we could identify p21 and catalase as Oct-6 target genes possibly mediating these effects. These results demonstrate that Oct-6 is expressed in cancer cells after genotoxic stress, and suggests its possible role in the control of ROS, DNA damage response (DDR), and senescence.
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|Titolo:||The POU-domain transcription factor Oct-6/POU3F1 as a regulator of cellular response to genotoxic stress|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|