The K+ voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 2 (KCNH2) transports the rapid component of the cardiac delayed rectifying K+ current. The aim of this study was to characterize the biophysical properties of a C-terminus-truncated KCNH2 channel, G1006fs/49 causing long QT syndrome type II in heterozygous members of an Italian family. Mutant carriers underwent clinical workup, including 12-lead electrocardiogram, transthoracic echocardiography and 24-hour ECG recording. Electrophysiological experiments compared the biophysical properties of G1006fs/49 with those of KCNH2 both expressed either as homotetramers or as heterotetramers in HEK293 cells. Major findings of this work are as follows: (a) G1006fs/49 is functional at the plasma membrane even when co-expressed with KCNH2, (b) G1006fs/49 exerts a dominant-negative effect on KCNH2 conferring specific biophysical properties to the heterotetrameric channel such as a significant delay in the voltage-sensitive transition to the open state, faster kinetics of both inactivation and recovery from the inactivation and (c) the activation kinetics of the G1006fs/49 heterotetrameric channels is partially restored by a specific KCNH2 activator. The functional characterization of G1006fs/49 homo/heterotetramers provided crucial findings about the pathogenesis of LQTS type II in the mutant carriers, thus providing a new and potential pharmacological strategy.

Functional study of a KCNH2 mutant: Novel insights on the pathogenesis of the LQT2 syndrome

De Zio, Roberta;Gerbino, Andrea;Forleo, Cinzia;Milano, Serena;Favale, Stefano;Procino, Giuseppe;Svelto, Maria;
2019

Abstract

The K+ voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 2 (KCNH2) transports the rapid component of the cardiac delayed rectifying K+ current. The aim of this study was to characterize the biophysical properties of a C-terminus-truncated KCNH2 channel, G1006fs/49 causing long QT syndrome type II in heterozygous members of an Italian family. Mutant carriers underwent clinical workup, including 12-lead electrocardiogram, transthoracic echocardiography and 24-hour ECG recording. Electrophysiological experiments compared the biophysical properties of G1006fs/49 with those of KCNH2 both expressed either as homotetramers or as heterotetramers in HEK293 cells. Major findings of this work are as follows: (a) G1006fs/49 is functional at the plasma membrane even when co-expressed with KCNH2, (b) G1006fs/49 exerts a dominant-negative effect on KCNH2 conferring specific biophysical properties to the heterotetrameric channel such as a significant delay in the voltage-sensitive transition to the open state, faster kinetics of both inactivation and recovery from the inactivation and (c) the activation kinetics of the G1006fs/49 heterotetrameric channels is partially restored by a specific KCNH2 activator. The functional characterization of G1006fs/49 homo/heterotetramers provided crucial findings about the pathogenesis of LQTS type II in the mutant carriers, thus providing a new and potential pharmacological strategy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/242077
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