Purpose: To report the results of endovascular treatment of iliac and complex aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD) in a multicenter Italian registry. Materials and Methods: A retrospective, multicenter, observational cohort study analyzed 713 patients (mean age 68±10 years; 539 men) with isolated iliac and complex aortoiliac lesions treated with primary stenting between January 2015 and December 2017. Indications for treatment were claudication in 406 (57%) patients and critical limb ischemia in 307 (43%). According to the TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus II (TASC) classification, the lesions were categorized as type A (104, 15%), type B (171, 24%), type C (170, 24%), and type D (268, 37%). Early (<30 days) endpoints included mortality, thrombosis, and major complications. Late major outcomes were primary and secondary patency and freedom from reintervention as estimated by Kaplan-Meier analysis; estimates are given with the 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Associations between baseline variables and primary patency were sought with multivariate analysis; the results are presented as the hazard ratio (HR) and 95% CI. Results: Technical success was achieved in 708 (99%) lesions; in-hospital mortality was 0.6% (n=4). The median follow-up was 11 months (range 0-42). The estimated primary patency rate was 96% (95% CI 94% to 97%) at 1 year and 94% (95% CI 91% to 96%) at 2 years. The estimated secondary patency was 99% (95% CI 97% to 99%) at 1 year and 98% (95% CI 95% to 99%) at 2 years. The estimated freedom from reintervention was 98% (95% CI 96% to 99%) at 1 year and 97% (95% CI 94% to 98.5%) at 2 years. Cox regression analysis demonstrated that the application of a covered stent was associated with an increased need for reintervention (HR 1.4, 95% CI 1.10 to 1.74, p=0.005). Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was associated with decreased primary patency (HR 3.7, 95% CI 1.25 to 10.8, p=0.018). Conclusion: Endovascular intervention with primary stent placement for aortoiliac occlusive disease achieved satisfactory 2-year patency regardless of the complexity of the lesion. Almost all TASC lesions should be considered for primary endovascular intervention if suitable.

Outcomes From the Multicenter Italian Registry on Primary Endovascular Treatment of Aortoiliac Occlusive Disease

Pulli, Raffaele;Angiletta D;Zacà S;
2019

Abstract

Purpose: To report the results of endovascular treatment of iliac and complex aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD) in a multicenter Italian registry. Materials and Methods: A retrospective, multicenter, observational cohort study analyzed 713 patients (mean age 68±10 years; 539 men) with isolated iliac and complex aortoiliac lesions treated with primary stenting between January 2015 and December 2017. Indications for treatment were claudication in 406 (57%) patients and critical limb ischemia in 307 (43%). According to the TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus II (TASC) classification, the lesions were categorized as type A (104, 15%), type B (171, 24%), type C (170, 24%), and type D (268, 37%). Early (<30 days) endpoints included mortality, thrombosis, and major complications. Late major outcomes were primary and secondary patency and freedom from reintervention as estimated by Kaplan-Meier analysis; estimates are given with the 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Associations between baseline variables and primary patency were sought with multivariate analysis; the results are presented as the hazard ratio (HR) and 95% CI. Results: Technical success was achieved in 708 (99%) lesions; in-hospital mortality was 0.6% (n=4). The median follow-up was 11 months (range 0-42). The estimated primary patency rate was 96% (95% CI 94% to 97%) at 1 year and 94% (95% CI 91% to 96%) at 2 years. The estimated secondary patency was 99% (95% CI 97% to 99%) at 1 year and 98% (95% CI 95% to 99%) at 2 years. The estimated freedom from reintervention was 98% (95% CI 96% to 99%) at 1 year and 97% (95% CI 94% to 98.5%) at 2 years. Cox regression analysis demonstrated that the application of a covered stent was associated with an increased need for reintervention (HR 1.4, 95% CI 1.10 to 1.74, p=0.005). Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was associated with decreased primary patency (HR 3.7, 95% CI 1.25 to 10.8, p=0.018). Conclusion: Endovascular intervention with primary stent placement for aortoiliac occlusive disease achieved satisfactory 2-year patency regardless of the complexity of the lesion. Almost all TASC lesions should be considered for primary endovascular intervention if suitable.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/241368
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